East and Central Africa (ECA)—comprising Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda—faces a range of natural disasters and complex emergencies. Environmental hazards, including disease outbreaks, drought, and floods, negatively impact health, livelihoods, and food security. Additional factors, such as conflict, climate variability, political instability, and limited government capacity, have further increased communities’ vulnerability to disasters.
USAID/OFDA supports DRR programs that build the capacity of at-risk communities to prepare for and respond to emergencies in ECA. USAID/OFDA also integrates strategic, context-specific DRR components into programs designed to strengthen community resilience and improve preparedness, mitigation, and emergency response capacities. In FY 2014, USAID/OFDA provided nearly $12 million for DRR projects throughout ECA, including programs that integrate DRR with disaster response.