This document - the Republic of Nauru Framework for Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction (RONAdapt) - represents the Government of Nauru's response to the risks to sustainable development posed by climate change and disasters. It aims to do two things.
First, it identifies immediate priorities relating to climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR), in order to clearly articulate these for all government ministries, state owned enterprises, the private sector, civil society, communities and development partners to engage with. These priorities are described in Section 4.
Second, it provides a general framework for longer term planning and programming of CCA and DRR activities, including guidance on their mainstreaming in national and sectoral development policies. This includes setting out the key principles that are expected to guide CCA and DRR planning in Nauru (Section 2 ), as well as clarity on the roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders (Section 5).
As the National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) highlights, Nauru already struggles with the challenges of ensuring sustainable social and economic development. A scarcity of arable land and fresh water resources, geographic isolation, dependence on imports for meeting basic food and energy needs, environmental degradation and the emergence of chronic health problems all make achieving sustainable development a difficult task, and at the same time also create vulnerability to other stresses, such as those brought on by climate change and disasters.
Against this background, climate variability and climate change have the potential to make Nauru's efforts to secure sustainable development even more challenging. Sea level rise threatens to increase saltwater intrusion into precious groundwater reserves as well as to exacerbate coastal erosion and flooding during storm events. Changes in rainfall patterns will Likely affect water scarcity, while important fish resources may be affected by changes in ocean temperature and acidification.
RONAdapt is intended to support progress towards the country's national development priorities and the goal of environmental sustainability, by ensuring that a focus on reducing vulnerabilities and risks is incorporated into planning and activities across all sectors of the economy and society. The priority actions identified here are not intended to be an exhaustive list of CCA and DRR needs. As experience, knowledge and better understanding of the impacts of climate change grows, further .40, priority actions will be identified. Successful adaptation is a process over time and RONAdapt will be reviewed every five years to incorporate new and emerging priorities.