AMOUNT: EUR 3 000 000
0 . MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Due to the deteriorating security situation and increased sectarian violence in the Central African Republic (CAR), many Central Africans and third country nationals living in CAR have been forced to flee, in order to save their lives, into neighbouring countries, particularly to Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon.
The porous border between CAR and Cameroon, as well as the stability and security of the latter, have facilitated the arrival of refugees in the Adamaoua and in the East regions.
On 16 February 2014, the United Nations High Commission for Refugees estimated that over 35 000 people from CAR had crossed the border into Cameroon. Of these 35 000 people, more than 27 000 are Central African asylum seekers and nearly 8 000 are from third countries, of which 94% are Chadians.
It is estimated that these figures could be much higher due to the registration difficulties.
Regarding the profile of people who arrived in Cameroon, 58% are children and 54% are women. 89% of these people are Muslim.
Most of the people arriving in Cameroon are in an extremely vulnerable state after having crossed the border on their own and having walked in the forest for several days. Many are also injured and traumatized by the violence suffered.
The main entry points at the border are Kentzou and Garoua-Boulai in the East region, and Ngaoui in the Adamaoua region.
These are small towns which do not have the capacity to accommodate a massive influx of people. In addition, resources are already poor in these remote regions of Cameroon, which is likely to create tensions between the host communities and the refugees.
Once in Cameroon, the situation of these people remains very precarious. There are currently no transit centres, so the refugees are forced to sleep under the trees without access to basic services.
Cameroonian authorities have difficulties to cope with the constant influx of refugees in recent weeks.
The resources of international donors are very limited, and the response from the international community is almost non-existent.
Consequently, there is a shortfall of support and coordination in all sectors.
It is therefore necessary to urgently establish a multisectoral response in food, health, water, sanitation and hygiene, shelter, and non-food items. It is also essential to establish transit centres and operationalize the four identified camps.
Given the humanitarian situation described above, the European Commission will increase by EUR 1 000 000 the budget of the Cameroon HIP 2014. The additional funding will be used to support the immediate response of the basic needs of people affected by violence and conflict in CAR and who have fled to Cameroon.