1 . EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Hurricane Sandy hit Haiti on 23 October. Three consecutive days of heavy rain caused severe flooding in the country, causing serious loss of life and damaging and destroying homes and public infrastructure. The Government of Haiti declared a state of emergency on 30 October.
The impact of the hurricane has generated a number of critical humanitarian needs and exacerbated existing ones. Of utmost concern are the 1.5 million people living in severe food insecurity in rural areas most affected by the hurricane. This is due to the loss of agricultural land, livelihoods and harvests, and the damage to the few agricultural areas spared by this year’s drought and Tropical Storm Isaac in August. Up to 450,000 people, including at least 4,000 children under the age of five are at risk of severe acute malnutrition as a result. With harvests destroyed in most of the country, the entire country’s food security situation is threatened.
The hurricane also destroyed at least 6,274 houses and damaged a further 21,427 according to the Haitian Directorate for Civil Protection (DPC). Out of the estimated 31,370 people who lost their houses, the majority are now living with host families or in improvised accommodation, while 2,949 are still living in 18 hurricane shelters where they took refuge during or after the storm. Hundreds of public buildings and facilities, including cholera treatment facilities, hospitals and schools, were destroyed, and infrastructure, notably potable water networks, suffered significant damage. New cholera outbreaks in the coming weeks and months are feared as a result. In addition, roads and bridges were destroyed or badly damaged; river banks collapsed, washing away arable lands.
Assessments indicate that the new needs arising from Sandy will require US$39.9 million in additional funding over 2012 and 2013. Of this, $23.2 million will be required to finance the first phase of the response until the end of the year, which is outlined in this Emergency Revision of the 2012 CAP. This first phase will immediately address the critical needs of 1.26 million people in food security and nutrition, shelter, health, WASH, and education. This brings the 2012 CAP's overall revised requirements to $151,080,810, and leaving unmet requirements of $95,344,094.