In April – June 2012, the region received $15 million in humanitarian funding.
Figures on Uzbekistan’s and Tajikistan’s outgoing aid released by governments
Unusually high number of disasters hit the region
After a long winter, a series of disasters
Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan hit by above-average number of disasters
The long-awaited end to the region’s harshest winter in recent years did not bring much relief to affected communities. Before people could recover from abundant snow, avalanches, cold temperatures, and livestock deaths, flash floods, mudflows, landslides, rockfalls and earthquakes bombarded the region. Particularly hit were Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Although figures vary, it is estimated that at least 200 small- to medium-scale disasters have struck Kyrgyzstan since April, often affecting the same families.
On April 23 – 29, flash floods swept through 43 villages in Osh, Batken and Jalabad in southern Kyrgyzstan, disrupting the lives of thousands of people. Humanitarian partners supported the Government in providing immediate relief in food and agriculture, water, sanitation and hygiene, shelter, health and education. As of 30 June, economic damage in 2012 stood at $14 million, which is 3.7 times higher than the same period in 2011.
In Tajikistan, around 280 disasters have taken the lives of 25 people since beginning of the year. These disasters damaged or destroyed hundreds of houses and have cost the country a total of $9 million. As the hazardous flood season was coming to an end, a powerful 5.7-magnitude earthquake shook three districts in the Rasht Valley on 13 May. As of 30 June, the number of disasters in 2012 had increased 30 per cent over the same period last year.
Earthquakes, rains and mudflows affect Azerbaijan and Georgia
Though Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan saw the worst effects, the rest of the region was not spared. On 7 May, a 5.6-magnitude earthquake left thousands of people homeless in north-west Azerbaijan. Continuing tremors and a powerful aftershock on 18 May exacerbated the situation for many people, forcing even more to be evacuated from their shattered homes. In Georgia, heavy rains in May triggered flash floods and mudflows throughout the country, killing five people in Tbilisi and affecting over 3,000 more. In both Azerbaijan and Georgia, the Governments, supported by the Red Cross/Red Crescent movement, are coping well with the aftermath. For the disaster overview in the Caucasus, please see attached map.