I. Executive Summary
Following below average spring rains in 2011, acute drought conditions severely affected over 13 million people in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti, creating conditions for famine, mass displacement, and destitution among pastoral and agropastoral groups. Of the total affected population, OCHA estimates approximately 4.8 million Ethiopians still require humanitarian assistance. The Somali region of Ethiopia was one of the worst affected areas during the 2011 drought; and although much of this region benefitted from productive seasonal deyr rains from October-December 2011, irregularities in rainfall, coupled with extreme flooding, continues to cripple agropastoralists and pastoralists who are unable to maintain a basic livelihoods protection threshold. In this context CHF carried out a drought and floods needs assessment in Gode and Warder Zones of the Somali region in February 2012. A nine-person assessment team conducted 40 focus groups comprised of 387 participants (70% women) and 16 key informant interviews in order to understand the current context since the deyr rains and the urgent community needs. Based on the assessment findings, recommendations are made on ways to transition communities from emergency assistance to early recovery activities designed to increase household and community resilience to future shocks.