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WFP Emergency Report No. 07 of 2003

Countries
Afghanistan
+ 28 more
Sources
WFP
Publication date


This report includes:
(A) Middle East Region: (1) Iraq, (2) Palestinian Territories

(B) WFP and UNHCR joint appeal for Africa

(C) West Africa Region: (1) Côte d'Ivoire (2) Liberia (3) Guinea

(D) Southern Africa Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Mozambique, (3) Lesotho, (4) Malawi, (5) Swaziland, (6) Zambia, (7) Zimbabwe, (8) Angola, (9) Namibia

(E) Eastern and Central Africa Region: (1) Eritrea, (2) Sudan, (3) Burundi

(F) Asia Region: (1) DPR of Korea, (2) Indonesia

(G) West and Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan

(H) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) Colombia, (2) Cuba, (3) Peru

(I) Eastern Europe Region: (1) North Caucasus, (2) Albania, (3) Serbia and Montenegro, (4) Armenia

From Francesco Strippoli, Director of the Office of Humanitarian Affairs; available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Zlatan.Milisic@wfp.org.

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Middle East Region: (1) Iraq, (2) Palestinian Territories

1) Iraq

(a) WFP is particularly concerned by the fact that more than half of the Iraqi population is now estimated to rely entirely on the SCR 986 (Oil-for Food) food ration for its daily subsistence. In the event of a potential military intervention, the procurement, shipping and distribution of the monthly 500,000 tons of food constituting the SCR 986 ration would most likely be disrupted right from the outset.

(b) WFP's assessment of food insecurity levels resulting from a conflict shows that a population ranging from 4.9 to 9.6 million could become immediately vulnerable and food insecure. This would comprise different categories of affected civilians, such as vulnerable groups, war-affected, IDPs, asylum seekers, and refugees fleeing into neighbouring countries. These estimated caseloads are considered low to medium case scenarios, considering that the Oil-for-Food programme is currently providing 100 percent of the population (25.5 million people) with a full daily food ration.

(c) To ensure that food is available immediately in the event of a crisis, WFP has prepared a regional EMOP 10259.0 designed to provide emergency food assistance to 4.9 million people, including 0.3 million refugees over 6 months. In the very short term, WFP is pre-positioning in neighbouring countries sufficient food to feed 900,000 people for ten weeks.

(d) WFP Special Operation SO 10257.0 is intended to ensure WFP can respond immediately and efficiently to a humanitarian crisis in Iraq and surrounding countries in the event of a military conflict. It will act as a foundation to rapidly launch a complex emergency operation and consists of a number of preparedness measures to ensure WFP's ability implement its own emergency operation and to meet its interagency lead role in telecommunications and logistics.

2) Palestinian Territories

(a) The siege of the Gaza Strip intensified during the second half of January, due to the Israeli elections. Between 17 and 22 January, Israeli Defense Forces razed a significant portion of agricultural lands in the Gaza Strip and demolished several houses in Rafah and Beit Lahia. Similar reports have been received from al Zietoun area in Gaza city and Nazlet Issa/Tulkarm, an important trade point between West Bank and Israeli Arabs.

(b) The construction of the security wall in the Tulkarm and Qalqiliah areas continues. Despite assurances by the Israeli authorities, the farmers who own land inside the security zone have not been issued special permits. These lands are considered the most fertile in the occupied Palestinian territories and the main source of vegetables in the Palestinian markets.

(c) Despite insecurity, WFP distributed 2,085 tons of food to over 33,800 households in the West Bank and Gaza areas from 16 to 31 January. Food assistance was delivered in collaboration with PARC, MSA, CRS and CHF. In the West Bank, WFP is supporting a number of FFW projects to encourage the farmers to cultivate and protect the land and support the renovation of school buildings.

B) WFP and UNHCR joint appeal for Africa

(a) On 14 February, WFP and UNHCR warned that the fate of more than 1.2 million refugees in Africa was uncertain due to a lack of funding which has forced WFP to curtail much-needed food aid. WFP urgently needs 112,000 tons of food worth an estimated USD 84 million over the next six months to avert severe food shortages among refugees. Some of the refugees are already receiving only half of their normal monthly food rations. Meanwhile, stocks of several food commodities in many countries are expected to run out by the end of March unless new money comes in.

(b) The two UN agencies fear that new, highly visible emergencies could take attention and funding away from Africa's long-time refugee populations. Major interruptions in the food pipeline are feared in Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Algeria and Sudan. Meanwhile, UNHCR officials warn that shortages of food and other relief items will make it more difficult for the agency to protect refugees, particularly women and children, from all kinds of abuse and exploitation.

(c) On various occasions, UNHCR was able to ease the impact of food shortages by providing more complementary foods such as fresh vegetables and dried fish or by increasing income-generating activities to help refugees support themselves. However, this time UNHCR will be unable to respond, as it is, itself, grappling with funding shortfalls which will affect the agency's ability to adequately meet the refugees' most basic needs.

C) West Africa Region: (1) Côte d'Ivoire (2) Liberia (3) Guinea

1) Côte d'Ivoire

(a) The security situation is still unstable, following the insurgents threat to "march on Abidjan" unless the peace agreement is implemented soon. WFP continues to be concerned about the situation in the west, where access is prevented due to insecurity. The region beyond the ceasefire line is inhabited by up to four million people, who are without government, schools and health centres. 41,300 people are reportedly displaced in Guiglo and Toulepleu regions. WFP plans to provide immediately assistance to 18,400 displaced in Guiglo. Food distributions will also be undertaken in Toulepleu and Blolequin as soon as security allows.

(b) WFP is considering with its local partners the possibility of assisting food insecure families in Odienné in March, as the harvested crops are nearing exhaustion. Although food commodities are available with relatively stable prices, many people cannot afford them. In Bouaké and the surrounding villages, over 29,000 vulnerable people have been assisted by WFP. Of those, 10,070 are family members benefiting from food-for-work activities (FFW). The FFW sanitation activity has resumed in collaboration with CARE. In addition, 11,000 IDPs are assisted in Sakassou, Béomi and Molonou-Tiédiekro. WFP was forced to postpone distributions to Bonoufla and Zoukougbeu due to insecurity in the central-western region.

(c) New contributions are urgently needed by the end of February. Failure to receive any will force WFP to scale down its operations from April.

2) Liberia

(a) Fear and panic gripped Monrovia on 4 February when dissident LURD combatants attacked towns about 16 kilometers from Monrovia. As a result of the continued fighting, the number of IDPs continues to increase. Since the resumption of fighting in Bopolu and surrounding areas in the last three weeks, approximately 15,000 persons have been registered at the various IDP camps in Monrovia. About 9,000 of those were registered following the attacks of Tubmanburg and Klay on 4 February. WFP continued to provide regular assistance to 117,600 IDPs in camps in Monrovia. 1,700 tons of food were distributed last week.

(b) The crisis in Côte d'Ivoire and the subsequent influx of asylum seekers have increased the number of refugees in Liberia to 58,500. Some of these beneficiaries reside in villages along the Liberian-Ivorian border. Many of these villages have neither been assessed nor assisted due to insecurity. WFP continues to provide assistance to 45,500 refugees and asylum seekers as well as 33,100 returnees.

(c) This increase in the number of beneficiaries is seriously exerting pressure on food stocks available in country. A break in WFP's food pipeline is expected in Liberia by the end of March. This will force WFP to significantly reduce rations for refugees. Additional resources need to be mobilised quickly in order to sustain WFP's assistance to the beneficiaries.

3) Guinea

(a) WFP continues to monitor ongoing influx of refugees from Ivory Coast. Since end of December, over 9,000 people, primarily Guineans and Liberians, have entered into N'Zerekore region. In same period, 900 persons reportedly arrived in Kankan region. Last week, the security situation along border in N'Zerekore region was reported as relatively calm but remains closely monitored.

(b) WFP, in collaboration with OCPH, began distribution of hot meals to 4,000 beneficiaries in Boussou transit camp (Lola Prefecture), which is receiving significant numbers of refugees from Côte d'Ivoire. WFP and its partners are now providing high-energy biscuits and hot meals to persons arriving at Diecke, Yomou Prefecture. In N'Zerekore, WFP and partners carried out general distributions at Laine, Nonah and Kola camps, benefiting 17,900 people. Finally, WFP assisted 12,250 persons through a general distribution at Boreah camp (Kissidougou) last week.

(c) A complete pipeline break in cereals is expected in June. Unless new contributions are confirmed by end March, WFP will have to reduce the food ration for the refugees from current 2,100Kcal to 1,800Kcal.

(d) All humanitarian transport to the Nzerekore area in Guinea is made via the Guekedou-Macenta axis. WFP alone transports 900 tons of food along this road every month. This road is in extremely poor condition and may become completely impracticable with the coming rain season, from April to September 2003. Unless the Guekedou-Macenta road is repaired, humanitarian assistance to more than 50,000 refugees, as well as to those who may still be coming from Ivory Coast may become impossible.

D) Southern Africa Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Mozambique, (3) Lesotho, (4) Malawi, (5) Swaziland, (6) Zambia, (7) Zimbabwe, (8) Angola, (9) Namibia

1) Regional overview

(a) A joint WFP/FAO crop situation mission on the development of the 2002/3 agricultural season is taking place from 13 February to 5 March in the six countries under the regional EMOP. The mission will be interacting with national and regional agencies, as well as a FAO GIEWS Mission currently travelling in the region. The mission will seek information on planted area, potential yield and production. Information gathered will be used to support programming decisions beyond March 2003 and determine suitable dates for the FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Missions, which are planned for April/May 2003.

(b) During the week, WFP received confirmation of a donation of approximately USD 9.2 million. With this contribution, the EMOP is more than 71 percent funded with a shortfall of USD 143 million. Below are the summaries of WFP operations in the Southern Africa region for the period from 4 to 11 February.

2) Mozambique

(a) The latest Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) report of 5 February warns that the country is facing another poor harvest this year, which is likely to lead to a "dramatic increase" in food insecurity. According to the report, insufficient and erratic rains during the past three months have resulted in extremely poor harvest prospects in parts of the central region and throughout southern Mozambique. As a result, the first season maize production, which accounts for the majority of annual production of this staple crop, will be largely lost in the affected areas. FEWS NET noted the situation was especially worrying as this is the second consecutive year of drought in the affected areas. Conversely, heavy rains have resulted in localised flooding in Nampula, Cabo Delgado and northern Zambezia. However, crop prospects in the productive northern region remain very good away from the flooded areas.

(b) WFP dispatched almost 1,200 tons of food to its implementing partners. WFP, in collaboration with the National Institute for Disaster Management, will provide food to 519 cholera patients in Sofala Province.

3) Lesotho

(a) WFP distributed over 1,100 tons of food to 82,700 beneficiaries in five districts. In addition, 78 tons of food were distributed under emergency school feeding projects.

(b) Little rain was received throughout the country, with the Lowlands being particularly dry and crops being negatively affected.

4) Malawi

(a) WFP dispatched 9,540 tons of food to its implementing partners. Road conditions in Phalombe District are deteriorating, and the main road connecting Blantyre/Zomba with the district has washed away. Two IFRC/WFP trucks overturned during the week. Food was recovered and no injuries sustained.

(b) WFP is currently completing the mapping of all 1,660 Final Distribution Points (FDPs) through a Global Positioning System (GPS). The findings will assist in further detailed FDP analysis and strategic country programming.

5) Swaziland

(a) WFP distributed 224 tons of food to 17,600 beneficiaries during the week. An additional 1,074 tons of food was dispatched to WFP implementing partners. WFP Food Aid Monitors reported that 40 percent of WFP operational areas (Lowveld, Lubumbo Plateau and the dry Middelveld) received rainfall during the week. However, the rains are too late to reverse the wilting crop situation.

6) Zambia

(a) WFP dispatched almost 2,400 tons of food to its implementing partners. WFP exported 858 tons of GMO food during the week. Zambezi river levels are reportedly rising due to increased rainfall, causing some transporters to take substantial detours. WFP is monitoring the situation, especially with regards to effects on the access road to the main pontoon in Western Province.

(b) A train carrying WFP food derailed in Lusaka. No commodities were lost, but operations were delayed due to rail track repairs. 10 IFRC/WFP trucks arrived in the Western Province, and a further 11 trucks are en route. The deployment of the trucks in Zambia assisted WFP in achieving an all time record distribution in January. 1.9 million beneficiaries received 22,000 tons of food from WFP, Government and implementing partners in January. Out of the total tonnage distributed, 9,540 tons of food were supplied by WFP.

(c) A new contribution of 4,000 tons of locally produced high-energy supplement and 1,000 tons of beans to the Zambia EMOP has been confirmed.

7) Zimbabwe

(a) WFP dispatched over 10,500 tons of food to its implementing partners during the first week of February.

(b) The area planted with staple maize crop is 86 percent of last year's already low levels, according to the latest Agricultural Research and Extension's Fortnightly Crop and Livestock Report. Rainfall levels in Matabeleland and Midlands Provinces have been particularly low, with some crops starting to fail. Livestock herds are being reduced in the same areas due to outbreaks of bovine anthrax and foot and mouth disease. An increase in pest infestations is occurring around the country. Armyworms are reported to have spread to most parts of the country, while quela quela birds and aphids are decimating the crops in parts of Masvingo District.

8) Angola

(a) For the first time in 10 years in Angola, WFP successfully carried out airdrops in the village of Luvemba (Huambo province) on 6-7 February. 87 tons of food were supplied to over 4,900 people who had been cut off from assistance since end November 2002.

(b) The delivery of WFP food is hampered by poor security conditions or serious logistical obstacles including broken bridges and bad road conditions in a large number of provinces. Among them are Bengo, Huila, Kuanza Norte and Sul, Lunda Sul and Malange provinces. In Bengo, tens of thousands of beneficiaries have remained out of reach for WFP due to extremely poor road conditions exacerbated by heavy rains. Closure of the route linking Kibaxe to Santa Cruz prevented the distribution of WFP food for over 30,000 beneficiaries in Nambuangongo municipality in January.

(c) However, WFP completed as planned January distributions in Mavinga, Kuando Kubango provinces, thanks to the improvement of the transportation capacity provided by the WFP-contracted transport company. WFP, in collaboration with the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), assisted 270 spontaneously refugees returnees from DRC, who arrived last week in Uige and Zaire provinces. In addition, WFP continued to support around 2,700 returning Angolans in Maquela de Zombo who returned from DRC in January.

(d) New contributions of about USD 5 millions have been confirmed for WFP out of the half of the USD 241 million appeal that remains un-funded for the PRRO 10054.01. The overall availability of commodities seems to be sufficient to cover estimated needs till June 2003.

9) Namibia

(a) UNHCR confirmed an unusual influx of new Rwandan and Burundian refugees to Namibia as well as Angolan new arrivals. The Rwandan and Burundian refugees reported to have fled camps in DR Congo and Tanzania.

E) Eastern and Central Africa Region: (1) Eritrea, (2) Sudan, (3) Burundi

1) Eritrea

(a) Effects of the drought are becoming increasingly widespread throughout the country. In Gash Barka and Debub sub regions of Mai Mine and Emni Haili, communities are relying on relief food aid and limited coping mechanisms for survival. The Haikota Health Center in Gash Barka noted a substantial increase since December in the number of malnourished children screen daily at the clinic. Cereal price has increased of up to 100 percent since November in parts of Gash Barka region.

(b) In Anseba, a local official emphasized that the regular water points for several villages of the Hamelmalo sub region have dried up. Villagers now walk up to 18km for water. Farmers in the Mai Mine and Emni Haili sub regions of Debub also reported increasingly low water tables. An elder from the Wazentet village in Anseba explained that due to drought conditions, residents are walking approximately 3 hours in search of fodder for their animals. People from the villages of Wazentat, Feledarib, Ferghen and Agerbeb have started migrating to Shieb in the neighbouring Northern Red Sea region, in search of food and water for themselves and their animals. Farmers in the Debub sub-region of Mai Mine are migrating with their livestock in search of fodder to the Megerba area on the border. Distress sales have pushed livestock prices in the Mai Mine market down by 60 percent compared to September 2002.

2) Sudan

(a) With cessation of hostilities, the Government of Sudan and the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) agreed to grant unimpeded humanitarian access to areas, which were inaccessible during the past few years. As a result, coverage of the EMOP 10048.1 has significantly increased with an additional beneficiary caseload of 585,000. A new EMOP that will cover needs from April 2003 to March 2004 is under preparation with an estimated requirement of 137,000 tons of food.

(b) Despite the on-going peace process, the humanitarian situation in Sudan remains difficult, especially in areas where humanitarian agencies could not operate in the past. Continued insecurity coupled with poor health and sanitation facilities have led to an increase in the malnutrition rates. Populations living in politically insecure areas in eastern Sudan continued to gather in IDP camps. Over 9,100 newly displaced people were registered during the month of December. Under its EMOP 10048.1. WFP assisted almost 311,700 vulnerable persons throughout the country during the month of December, providing them with 3,550 tons of food. Due to food shortfalls, WFP supplied only sorghum.

(c) As a result of the temporary closure of the Sudanese/Eritrean border, the voluntary repatriation process was suspended and 91,000 Eritrean refugees still remain in Sudan. To this effect, a budget increase has been approved in February 2003 requesting some 11,000 tons worth USD 4.9 million. In 2002, there has been a consistent shortfall of resources under the PRRO 10122. WFP was obliged to reduce the ration scale. If the pipeline does not improve, it is feared that there could be a further deterioration of the nutritional status of the refugees.

3) Burundi

(a) Fighting continued in Ruyigi, Gitega and Bujumbura Rural provinces, causing the death of at least 26 persons. Due to insecurity in Gitega province, the national highway connecting Gitega to Bujumbura was repeatedly closed.

(b) WFP's pipeline situation remains critical. WFP still faces food shortages at the time the admissions in nutritional centres increased and when WFP is on the verge of launching the Seeds Protection Rations (SPR) campaign. As a result, WFP could not provide emergency assistance to 177,600 persons. Last week, WFP dispatched over 80 tons of food to World Vision, for distribution to 14,800 primary school children under the School feeding programme in the province of Karuzi. In addition, WFP, in collaboration with UNHCR and GTZ, assisted over 700 repatriates from Tanzania temporarily hosted in transit sites in Ngozi and Muyinga provinces. Finally, 500 persons involved in agricultural Food for Work (FFW) projects received WFP support in Bujumbura Mairie. WFP conducted an emergency assessment in Mugango-Manga commune in Bujumbura Rural province and reported that the hail affected the farms of an estimated 12,200 persons, causing significant reduction of their expected crops.

(c) WFP, in consultation with the Agricultural Coordination Committee members chaired by FAO and other partners, is preparing the launch of the Seeds Protection Rations (SPR) campaign scheduled for the second half of February. The preliminary caseload is estimated at 283,000 households with 160,500 classified first priority in Bubanza, Bujumbura Rural, Gitega, Kayanza, Muramvya, Ngozi and Ruyigi provinces. This estimate will be reviewed regularly based on the results of the joint Crop yields and Food Needs Assessment Mission conducted by WFP/FAO/UNICEF and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock.

F) Asia Region: (1) DPR of Korea, (2) Indonesia

1) DPR of Korea

(a) The nutritional health of the most vulnerable groups such as young children, pregnant and nursing women, the elderly and caregivers in child institutions and hospitals, is at risk as WFP distributions remain suspended. There is grave concern that, if new contributions are not soon forthcoming, the significant gains made over the past several years in reducing malnutrition and levels of stunting, risk being lost.

(b) The food pipeline for the WFP EMOP in DPRK has worsened progressively since the middle of 2002. By the end of last year nearly 2.9 million beneficiaries had to be dropped from WFP food distributions. In the new year, despite arrival of some donations, again, up to 2.9 million people, will not receive WFP food distributions as planned during the first half of 2003 without immediate and significant new contributions.

(c) Local Food Production factories (LFP), experiencing shortages in powdered milk (DSM) and cereals, have already begun to close down. The considerable effort that led to the doubling of production levels each year between 2000 and 2002 may be lost if there is insufficient food to keep the operations going.

(d) Immediate pledges of 105,000 tons are required to ensure continued implementation of the complete range of WFP's planned activities throughout the remainder of the first half of 2003. Commodities most in need include cereals (84,500 tons); Corn Soya Milk (10,000 tons); and powdered milk (3,000 tons). The latter is critical to avoid long-term closure of most LFP factories.

2) Indonesia

(a) Landslides and floods triggered by torrential rains killed several people in three provinces in January. The disaster also injured more than 100 people, left dozens missing and hundreds homeless. Food and other humanitarian assistance for these victims are being provided by the Government.

(b) WFP El Niño assessment indicates drier-than-average climatic conditions over the next two to four months. Lower-than-normal yield across large parts of the country is expected. NTT and its surrounds may result in increased level of food insecurity in 2003. Government announced an increase in price of fuel, telephone and electricity tariff, which received substantial public protests. Such an increase in price on basic commodities is expected to result in further hardship on the poor.

(c) During the month of January, about 1.42 million beneficiaries, mostly women and children, received WFP food assistance amounting to 5,183 tons of food, under the following activities: Subsidized Rice for Urban Poor, the Nutrition Programme and Internally Displaced Person programme. In West Timor, WFP provided 600 tons of rice for 15,000 drought-affected persons. With two new contributions, the current PRRO 10069 remains about 50 percent resourced, with still a shortfall of some USD 30.5 million.

G) West and Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan

1) Afghanistan

(a) Last week, the security situation was calm across the country, except in the Northern region around Maimana, where tensions remained high as a result of disarmament operations and in the Eastern region where UN missions in four districts of Nangarhar province are suspended. The security situation had improved in the Southern region compared to the previous week.

(b) From 5 to 10 February, WFP assisted almost 424,100 vulnerable people, providing them with more than 2,220 tons of food through various programmes. The beneficiary caseload included 142,500 persons supported through several urban bakery projects, over 113,300 people involved in Food for Work/Food for Asset Creation activities, as well as 106,700 IDPs and refugees. In addition, 27,700 school children benefited from WFP Food for Education programme, 4,150 malnourished persons received assistance under the Supplementary Feeding Programme and 29,750 civil servants were supplied WFP food as a salary supplement. Finally, as of 10 February, 31,000 tons, or 65 percent of the planned food commodities, were distributed to beneficiaries under the winterisation programme.

(c) The new PRRO 10233.0 was approved by the WFP Executive Board last week. The PRRO begins in the lean, pre-harvest season, April to June 2003 when household assets will be depleted, and stocks from previous harvests will have completely run out. It is critical that resources are made available for this period when the livelihood of millions of vulnerable Afghans will be threatened by food shortages. WFP is, therefore, requesting donors to urgently provide resources to the PRRO.

2) Pakistan

(a) WFP's food pipeline situation under its EMOP 10028, assisting Afghan refugees, remains very critical. Current and expected stocks of wheat (the major commodity) will only last through March. A multilateral contribution of USD 1.1 million was confirmed in January 2003, allowing WFP to procure locally an additional 3,290 tons of wheat and international purchase of 360 tons of vegetable oil. A cash contribution amounting to USD 170,746 was also confirmed and will be used to purchase 500 tons of wheat. Other than these contributions, no additional pledges have been received for EMOP 10028 to date. New donor pledges are urgently required.

H) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) Colombia, (2) Cuba, (3) Peru

1) Colombia

(a) According to local authorities, 40 to 50 percent of the population of eastern Antioquia has left the region due to insecurity over the last five years. WFP continues to assist those families affected by violence in eastern Antioquia through supplementary feeding and food for training activities under its PRRO 06139.0. In addition, WFP is implementing community kitchens, pre-school and recovery nutrition projects in 12 departments.

(b) On 7 February, a bomb exploded in an exclusive club in Bogota killing at least 33 persons and wounding over 165. WFP office is located four blocks from the area of impact but no staff was affected. The UN agencies are issuing further security measures related to staff movements and premises.

2) Cuba

(a) Food distribution to beneficiaries in Pinar del Rio and Isla de la Juventud began on 17 January at 646 distribution points. Over 38,200 expectant women and children under 5 are receiving daily food rations from WFP under the Immediate Response EMOP 10239.0.

3) Peru

(a) As a result of heavy rains during the last two weeks, 18 persons died and 59,500 persons were injured in Puno, Madre de Dios and Cusco, according to the Institute of Civil Defense. In addition, over 6,100 houses were damaged or destroyed and 31,500 hectares of crops lost.

(b) Temporary assistance is being delivered to the affected population. 14,000 persons have been provided with food and clothing. However, the loss of crops will result in food shortages for the next 12 months, making the majority of affected families even more food insecure.

(c) Rains are still affecting other parts of the country and the last report indicates that four persons are missing due to the overflowing of a river in Ayacucho. The official number of the affected people in this department is still unknown.

I) Eastern Europe Region: (1) North Caucasus, (2) Albania, (3) Serbia and Montenegro, (4) Armenia

1) North Caucasus

(a) According to the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), over the last month the displaced population in Ingushetia has gone down to 94,960. This reduction was the result of a verification exercise carried out by DRC and cross-checking the IDP database with the results of the household survey in Chechnya. Approximately 55 percent of these IDPs live with host families, while the others are accommodated in tent camps or in spontaneous settlements. WFP supplied 872 tons of food to its various partners, including DRC, IR and Saudi Arabian Red Crescent Society, for distribution to 93,300 beneficiaries.

(b) As of 31 January, WFP was targeting nearly 134,100 vulnerable people in the central part of Chechnya, providing them with relief food assistance. Under the school feeding programme, 43,800 schoolchildren in Grozny city, Grozny Rural, Achkhoi-Martan, Sunzha and Gudermes regions are expected to receive WFP food on a daily basis in February. Food-for-work activities will benefit about 5,000 members of the project participants' families.

2) Albania

(a) Operational activities continued in three key areas: communal forestry and pasture management, social sector assistance, and community asset building through food-for-work. During January, 393 tons of food were distributed to the targeted beneficiaries. The number of participants under the communal forestry and pastures management component has increased steadily and during January more than 5,000 families received a monthly ration. Under the social sector component, 1,460 women participants in training events received family rations. A total of 1,650 workers were engaged in various infrastructure rehabilitation food-for-work activities.

(b) As of 31 January, the PRRO was about 41 percent funded. These resources will be sufficient to meet the food requirement up to June 2003. If no further resources are mobilized, there will be a break in the pipeline. The overall availability of food commodities during the month was adequate.

3) Serbia and Montenegro

(a) On 4 February, a new state union of Serbia and Montenegro was proclaimed and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia formally ceased to exist.

(b) WFP completed food distribution for the month of January under its PRRO 10116.00, targeting almost 121,700 vulnerable people. A two-month ration was supplied in remote areas of Montenegro and for Collective Centres.

(c) UNHCR and ICRC undertook a Needs Assessment Mission in January among the displaced population. WFP and UNHCR will carry out a Joint Assessment Mission, starting from 17 February.

4) Armenia

(a) A rare wave of cold that swept through Armenia during late December and early January has damaged grape vines, apricot and peach trees. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, some 60-70 percent of the 2003 grape harvest may be lost.

(b) While the unfavourable weather conditions notably slowed down the progress of WFP-supported FFW projects, activities were not suspended. WFP distributed over 2,400 tons of food during the month of January. Activities included relief food distribution for 30,000 vulnerable people, support to the school feeding programme benefiting 10,700 children and Food-for Training sessions for 7,800 participants.

(c) The PRRO is 36 percent funded. Projected food shortfalls from January to June 2003 make up a total of 6,700 tons of various commodities. WFP expects to face a pipeline break for oil starting in March and for the rest of the commodities from April onwards.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons.

(End WFP Emergency Report No 7).