As Mozambique looks to move on from its violent past, a UN-led programme is supporting efforts to reintegrate former combatants, and give them a chance to lead productive, peaceful lives in their communities.
Benjamin* wants peace. A former RENAMO (Mozambican National Resistance) combatant, he dreams of working his field, in Cheringoma District, Sofala province, once again.
Like other former combatants in central Mozambique, he hopes to grow his own vegetables, maize, beans, and cassava, and possibly raise chickens and goats.
Just a few months ago, Benjamin became one of the thousands of former RENAMO fighters taking part in a “disarmament, demobilization and reintegration” (DDR) process.
DDR is a central component of the Maputo Accord, the peace agreement between the Government of Mozambique and RENAMO, which formally put an end to decades of conflict and insecurity, and brought communities together when it was signed in 2019.
‘We are very happy to be back’
Now, Benjamin is learning new skills alongside members of the community he left more than 20 years ago and reconnecting with his family.
“From the moment that my brothers and I started our reintegration into the community and society, I have a sense of relief and happiness. We are very happy to be back”, says Benjamin. “Since we came to the community, there have been no issues; I have been welcomed as a brother”.
Galício António, chief of the Nhamaze Administrative Outpost in Gorongosa District, confirms Benjamin’s sentiments, and the importance of reconciliation. “They are back, and they are producing again”, he declares. They are educating their children, they are integrating into social life, they are participating in the community”.
The UN’s role in the programme is to support the authorities in strengthening the inclusion of local voices in planning and budgeting exercises, as a solid foundation for promoting lasting peace, national reconciliation and inclusive sustainable development.
Through the programme, local authorities listen to the voices and needs of local communities in defining and selecting essential infrastructure and public services to be provided by the districts themselves to their communities, in order to promote sustainable local development and adaptation to climate change.
Benjamin’s hopes are similar to those of other former combatants and communities affected by conflict in Mozambique: they want to build new, productive lives for themselves, their families, and their communities. By supporting these dreams in a practical way, the UN is helping them to create a better future for Mozambique.
“I am very happy; The community is happy” says Benjamin. “This peace must go on. This is our will”.
*Name has been changed.
Peacebuilding in Mozambique
Launched in October 2021, the DELPAZ (Local Development for Peace Consolidation) Programme forms part of the European Union's comprehensive support for the implementation of the Maputo Accord.
The DDR programme helping these former fighters to start new civilian lives, is led by the UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) and the Government of Mozambique.
Under the leadership of the Government of Mozambique with the support of the Austrian Development Agency, Italian Agency for Development Cooperation and UN Capital Development Fund, DELPAZ aims at promoting local economic development opportunities in communities previously affected by conflict in 14 districts of Sofala, Manica and Tete Provinces.