As of the end of April 2022, Southern Africa hosts around 7.8 million persons of concern (PoCs) to UNHCR. This includes 1.1 million refugees and asylum-seekers, 6.7 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), as well as others of concern and refugee returnees. The number increased from March 2022 by 1 per cent mainly due to the updated number of IDPs in Mozambique. The DRC represents 78 per cent of the regional data.
Refugees, Asylum-Seekers and Others of concern
The region hosts 801,000 refugees, 285,000 Congo asylum-seekers and 37,000 others of concern.
The biggest inflows are from Rwanda and the Central African Republic into DRC. DRC is also a major source of refugees and asylum-seekers Bangladesh Malawi Figure 1. Flows of Refugees, Asylum-Seekers and Others of Concern from Top 8 Countries of Origin Note: The fiows shown in this figure are restricted to only the largest 8 countries of origin and more than 20,000 people. flowing into Zambia, South Africa, Malawi, Congo, Angola and other countries. Most major countries of origin are in Africa, but Bangladeshis have also requested asylum in South Africa (see Figure 1).
Among refugees and asylum-seekers, the male represents 53 per cent and the female 42 per cent. Children under age 18 take up to 42 per cent, and the working age group from 18 to 59 years old is 51 per cent. Unknown group of demographic information is 5 per cent; most of them are self-settled in Angola and Mozambican asylum-seekers in Zimbabwe.
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
In Southern Africa, there are 6.7 million internally displaced persons (I DPs). Most of them are conflict-induced, 6.3 million, but there are also natural disaster-induced IDPs, 0.4 million. The data oflDPs are reported in DRC, Congo, Mozambique and Zimbabwe (see Figure 2).
Specific Protection Needs
Among the PoCs requiring specific needs, more than two third are women, showing that women are in more vulnerable situation than men in general. Regarding the categories of specific protection needs, women at risk rank the first, followed by serious medical conditions and single parents. Women at risk account for 10 per cent among the female aged 18 years old or older, and they are 2 per cent of all refugees, asylumseekers and others of concerns; serious medical conditions and single parents account each for 1 per cent of the population.
Among 16 countries in the region, the data of refugees and asylum-seekers in 11 countries are fully hosted by proGres v4 (PRIMES). In South Africa, the data are managed by the government and UNHCR manages only the cases for assistance and durable solutions. In Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Zambia and Zimbabwe, some portion of the data is not available in ProGres v4. Overall, more than half of refugees and asylum-seekers in Southern Africa are available in ProGres v4. For IDP data, UNHCR refers to different sources. Specifically, the source of DRC's IDP figure is the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). For Mozambique and Zimbabwe is the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and for Congo is the government, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Humanitarian Action (MASAH).