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UNFPA Ethiopia Humanitarian Response Situation Report - April 2022

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More than 25.9 million [1] people across Ethiopia are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance and 4.2 million have been internally displaced due to conflicts, climate-related shocks, disease outbreaks and the socioeconomic impacts of the COVID 19 pandemic. Conflict and displacement in the north has left more than 9 million people in need in Afar, Amhara and Tigray regions, and severe drought is already affecting 6.8 million people more across the eastern and southern parts of the country [2].

In the lowlands of Somali, Oromia and Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s (SNNP) regions, three consecutive failed rainy seasons have resulted in severe drought causing successive harvest failures, water shortages and large-scale livestock death. A month into the current rainy season there are no rains yet. If this continues it would worsen food insecurity and malnutrition, mass displacement, disease outbreaks and result in heightened protection risks for millions of people. While humanitarian partners continue to scale up operations, at least 286,000 people are estimated to be displaced across 26 most affected zones [3]. On April 26, donors pledged US$1.39 billion for humanitarian and development response to respond to the worst drought across the Horn of Africa since 1981.

In northern Ethiopia, after the declaration by the Federal Government of a “humanitarian truce” on March 24, 2022 to facilitate humanitarian assistance into Tigray, humanitarian partners continue to scale up much-needed assistance across Tigray, Amhara and Afar regions. In Tigray, despite the relative improvement in access allowing for the resumption of road convoys, the rate at which assistance is arriving into the region remains far below of what is required to respond to the needs of 5.2 million people. In Afar and Amhara regions, the situation remains relatively calm - with some exceptions, particularly in western Amhara and zone 2 in Afar region - with partners scaling up essential services to both returnees and newly displaced persons. Across the three regions, more than 2.1 million [4] people are estimated to be displaced as a result of conflict and 9.4 million people need humanitarian assistance.

[1] OCHA Global Humanitarian Overview - Ethiopia 2022: [2] OCHA Ethiopia Drought Update #3 (April 2022): [3] Ibid. [4] IOM-DTM Ethiopia, Emergency Site Assessment Round 8, (October 21, 2021).