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IOM Belarus Response for the stranded migrants in Belarus: Situation Report (29 April -12 May 2022)

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As of 12 May, 488 people benefited from Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme in 2022.

The IOM-supported hotline on safe migration and combatting human trafficking received 246 requests for information on entry to, transit through, exit from Belarus from Ukrainian refugees and third country nationals fleeing the war in Ukraine since 24 February.

Temporary accommodation in sanatoriums for Ukrainian refugees were emptied by Belarusian authorities, causing people to find shelter solutions on their own.


IOM Belarus continues to receive requests for assistance, including for assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR), provision of food and non-food items (NFI) from migrants stranded at Belarus’ border with Lithuania, Latvia, and Poland and from others located throughout the country.

People fleeing the war in Ukraine continue to enter Belarus mainly through Poland, Lithuania and Latvia, while the number of people entering Belarus directly through the Ukraine-Belarus border has been low recently.
According to the State Border Committee of Belarus, from 29 April-12 May, 2,322 people entered Belarus from Ukraine. Since 24 February, 27,806 people have entered the country (902 Belarusians, 26,660 Ukrainians and 244 third country nationals).

IOM has received an increasing number of requests from national stakeholders and migrants fleeing the war in Ukraine to provide protection-related services. This includes emergency health care, transportation, humanitarian return, employment pathways support, and legal aid, among other areas.

Initially, Belarusian authorities provided Ukrainian refugees in need of shelter with temporary accommodation in local sanatoriums, predominantly in Gomel region. However, in the reporting period all the sanatoriums were emptied by the authorities, and only the most vulnerable people were allowed to remain in the sanatoriums. According to the information available, there is only one vulnerable person, who is still there.