CENTRAL AMERICA & THE CARIBBEAN: FOOD SECURITY
12.7M PEOPLE IN 5 COUNTRIES IPC PHASE 3 (CRISIS) FOOD INSECURITY OR WORSE
According to the Global Network Against Food Crises’ 2022 Global Report on Food Crises, rising food prices, the COVID-19 pandemic’s economic effects, extreme weather and high insecurity drove nearly a million more people into Crisis levels of food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) in El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras and Nicaragua in 2021.
The increase from 11.8 million foodขinsecure people in 2020 to 12.7 million in 2021 saw all five countries reach six-year highs, populations that had already been growing in Central America prior to the November 2020 impact of hurricanes Eta and Iota. The economic impacts of COVID-19 containment measures lasted well into 2021, as the pandemic precipitated one of the region’s worst recessions and exacerbated existing structural problems. Haiti’s situation was marked by violence as well as the August 7.2-magnitude earthquake and Tropical Storm Grace in the south. While there was a slight decrease in the number of people in Phase 3 from September 2021 thanks to improved food availability due to harvests, the population in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food insecurity increased after the impacts of the earthquake and tropical storm.
CENTRAL AMERICA: MIGRANTS & REFUGEES
24K IRREGULAR MIGRANT ENTRIES INTO HONDURAS FROM JANUARY TO APRIL 2022
According to ECHO, Honduras recorded more than 24,000 irregular migrant entries between January and April 2022, mostly people from Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela. The Danlí and Trojes municipalities are seeing a daily average of more than 500 people seeking shelter. Needs identified include food and water access, basic hygiene and sanitation services, health and psychosocial support services, protection, restoring family links, information on migration procedures and access to National Migration Institute services.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) reports an average of 1,500 monthly medical consultations from migrants in Darien on Panama’s eastern border with Colombia, including responding to nearly 400 women victims of sexual assault between April 2021 to March 2022. The dangerous jungle, which saw 19,092 irregular crossings from January to April 2022 (a 66 per cent increase from the 11,487 reported in the same period in 2021), is rife with protection issues due to criminal groups that routinely assault migrants and subject women migrants to sexual violence, including rape.