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Europe and Central Asia Region (ECAR) - Ukraine Situation: Refugee Response in Neighbouring Countries - Humanitarian Situation Report No. 9, 27 April – 3 May 2022

Countries
Poland
+ 9 more
Sources
UNICEF
Publication date

Highlights

• As of 2 May, over 5.6 million refugees have fled Ukraine (over 3M to Poland, 836,173 to Romania, 448,170 to Republic of Moldova, 534,821 to Hungary, and over 1M to other countries).

• 40% of the targeted UNICEF-UNHCR Blue Dots have been established: 23 in total (7 Moldova, 7 Romania, 4 Poland, 2 Italy, 2 Bulgaria, 1 Slovakia) with capacity of reaching up to 1,000 people, including 500 children a day with referrals, protection services, identification and reunification, Mental Health and Psychosocial support (MHPSS), social protection, education, health and WASH.

• In partnership with City of Warsaw, a detailed work plan was developed for UNICEF support programmes in the amount of USD 6.5M targeting 1,880 professionals, 5,500 parents/caregivers and 15,000 children.

• Youth-engagement partner, the World Organization of the Scout Movements, held the first partner kick-off meeting in Poland with representatives from across the 9 partner countries.

• As of 29 April, UNICEF has USD 125.7 million available against its USD 324.7 million ask for the refugee response. UNICEF appreciates the generous contributions from public and private sector donors

Regional Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Since last week, 280,264 people left Ukraine for Europe, bringing the number of refugees in Europe to 5,597,483 million (as of 2 May). Over half arrived in Poland (over 3 million people), with significant caseloads in Romania (836,173), Moldova (448,170), Hungary (534,821), Slovak Republic (382,024), and Belarus (25,002) (see map - percentages based on UNHCR Portal). Meanwhile, 1,384,500 Ukrainians are reported to have returned to Ukraine,3 although it is too early to forecast migration trends given the volatility of the situation in Ukraine.

The estimate number of children on the move vary. In Poland, 50% of refugees are children. In Romania, children make up 35% of the refugee population (233,949, with 126,333 girls, and 107,616 boys), with 2,686 unaccompanied children identified to date. In Moldova, 35% of refugees are also children, but of the 93,914 refugees who have remained in the country, 51% are children.

Facilitated by the activation of the European Union (EU) Temporary Protection Directive4 since the beginning of the war, 539,821refugees have entered Hungary; 106,597 arrived in Italy (52% women, 35% children), and 16,719 went to Croatia (49,6% women, 35% children) with 67% having registered for temporary protection status in the country.

Of the 233,474 refugees who went to Bulgaria; 101,354 have remained in the country (68,405 children) and 83% currently have the status of temporary protection and are entitled to receive a one-time social assistance of approximately USD 200.

In the Czech Republic, almost 300,000 special visas have been granted to Ukrainian refugees and 162,000 refugees have requested the humanitarian cash allowance of CZK 5,000 from the state (94% has been processed).
Reception capacity in hosting countries also varies. In Moldova, 70% stay with family/friends.

In Croatia, 89% are staying in private accommodations and the remaining in reception/collective centres.

In the Czech Republic, a financial assistance of 125 euros per month is given for people hosting refugees. In Bulgaria, with the beginning of tourism season and the end of the state humanitarian accommodation program, refugees living in hotels for free will need to leave them on May 31. About 1,500 beds in municipal or state dormitories will be provided for those unable to work, but many will have to look for housing on their own.

The government is working on a contingency plan and needs assessment to offer necessary support with a priority for the people with health conditions. In Italy, child protection and GBV concerns linked to informal accommodation provided by the hosting communities have been raised. A cash transfer program has been created for those who have applied for a residence permit for temporary protection and have found independent accommodation even with relatives, friends or host families.