Humanitarian partners continue to move additional aid supplies into Tigray via the Semera-Abala-Mekelle road bringing 250 trucks since 1 April.
Only 1.5 million people or 24 per cent of the total caseload assisted with food in Tigray since mid-October. 115 trucks of food required a day to reach all in need by end of May.
Amhara authorities continued with the relocation of displaced people, at a slower pace, relocating over 20,000 people from Kobo and over 4,000 people from Sekota since mid-March.
Over 10.4 million people out of the 11.6 million target caseload reached with food assistance in Amhara under the current food distribution which started on 22 December 2021.
About 90,000 people in Afar assisted with water trucking with the support of 23 trucks operating at displacement sites and Woredas with water shortage during the reporting period.
The overall situation in northern Ethiopia remained generally calm during the reporting period, but tense and volatile. The lines of contacts along the Amhara and Tigray regional border, Western Tigray and North-Western Tigray remained static with no incidents reported. Nonetheless, several locations in Amhara along the areas bordering Tigray remained hard to reach for partners’ humanitarian operations due to security concerns, including Abergele and Tsagibji kebeles, parts of Zequala kebeles in Wag Hamra Zone, large sections of Kobo in North Wello Zone, and in Addi Arekay in the North Gondar Zone. In Afar, clashes were reported in some areas in Zone 2 namely in Koneba, Berhale and Abala Woredas, affecting humanitarian operations and access to these areas. The extreme northern parts of Tigray region along the Eritrean border including Rama, Erob and Zala Anbessa continue to be inaccessible to humanitarian partners.
Humanitarian partners were able move additional aid supplies into Tigray via the Semera-Abala-Mekelle road during the reporting period. On 4 May, 16 trucks carrying about 589 metric tons (MT) of food and non-food items arrived in Mekelle. On 7 May, a convoy of 62 trucks carrying about 2,141 MT of food, shelter, water, sanitation, and hygiene items as well as protection and education items also arrived at Mekelle. In total, 250 trucks arrived in Mekelle through six humanitarian convoys since the resumption of the convoy movement on 1 April following, following an interruption of more than three months. While the arrival of humanitarian supplies is positive, it is still not enough to meet the growing humanitarian needs in the region. Around 6,400 MT of food, for instance, has been brought into Tigray by the main food partners. At least 4,675 MT of food commodities or 115 trucks, equivalent to a common food basket for around 276,000 people are required to move into Tigray every day to complete the current food distribution cycle by end of May. Meanwhile, the food that has arrived in Mekelle has been dispatched to prioritized Woredas and distribution is ongoing.
The 250 trucks arrived Mekelle included nine fuel trucks or roughly 400,000 liters, of which 18 per cent is used for the returning trucks, and the remaining used to dispatch the aid supplies to priority areas in Tigray. The last three convoys did not include any fuel. It is estimated that 200,000 liters of fuel are required per week for humanitarian operations in the region.
The continuing suspension of basic essential services, including banking, electricity, and communications is also compounding the constraints faced by humanitarian organizations to reach people in need. Nutrition partners, for instance, reported the lack of nutrition and food items to carry out the school feeding programs where an estimated 345,000 school children across the region need school meals. Eighty schools have reportedly closed in 32 Woredas and a further 641 schools are at risk of closure due lack of school feeding programs, security issues and extreme food shortages faced by teachers. It is estimated that more than 46,000 teachers across the region require immediate life-saving multi-purpose cash and food assistance to keep schools open.
Also in Amhara, the regional government authorities continued with the relocation of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Kobo and Sekota, although at a slower pace. To date, and since 14 March, they have relocated more than 20,000 people out of an estimated 58,000 registered IDPs planned for relocation from Kobo in North Wollo Zone to Jara, near Weldiya, the zonal capital. In Wag Hamra, more than 4,000 IDPs have been relocated to Weleh IDP site so far, out of an estimated 12,000 IDPs in the zone planned for relocation to the site.
In Afar, the humanitarian situation continued to be dire with a high number of IDPs in need of support while the response and available resources are still insufficient to meet the amounting needs in the region.