Niger is facing a combination of quick onset and protracted humanitarian crises. Increasing insecurity is leading to population displacements, in a country highly vulnerable to climaterelated disasters,2 affected by multiple epidemic outbreaks3 and by nutritional crisis. A total of 3.8 million people, including 2.1 million children, will need humanitarian assistance in 2022.4
The burden of malnutrition will persist, while the lack of predictable funding to ensure medical and nutrition supplies over the long-term remains a major concern.
UNICEF will provide a timely, coordinated and multi-sectoral humanitarian response, focusing on the needs of children and women. A systematic gender lens will be applied to all analysis and programme design.
UNICEF requires US$82.4 million to provide life-saving, multi-sectoral5 assistance to vulnerable children and women affected by humanitarian crises in Niger with a focus in the areas of nutrition, education and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH).
HUMANITARIAN SITUATION AND NEEDS
Conflict, displacement, malnutrition, recurrent disease epidemics, cyclical floods and droughts in Niger have placed more than 3.8 million people, including 2.1 million children,12 in need of humanitarian assistance, in a context characterized by deep structural challenges and the socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19. Many of those in need are located in hard-to-reach areas with limited humanitarian access, which remains a major bottleneck to the delivery of assistance.13
Insecurity is spreading at a rapid pace in Niger, with heightened incidence of grave violations against children. Attacks in the Lake Chad region have prevented nearly 235,00014 people in Diffa (eastern Niger) from returning home.15 Nearly 157,000 people are displaced in the regions of Tillabery and Tahoua, in western Niger. 16 Over 77,000 refugees who have fled community-based violence in northern Nigeria are currently living in Maradi region (central Niger), together with more than 21,000 internally displaced people (IDPs).11
In 2022, an estimated 2.7 million people will experience food insecurity;17 an estimated 1.3 million children under 5 years of age will suffer from malnutrition,18 including over 432,804 children who will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM); and nearly 1.3 million people will require access to emergency WASH services.10 Nearly 400,000 children may remain out of school due to insecurity or damage caused by flooding in educational institutions.19
The country remains highly vulnerable to climate-related threats,20 including floods and drought. In 2021, 200,866 people21 have already been affected by floods, while the country has recorded 5,070 cases of cholera (including 1,765 children under 15 years) and 154 related deaths (of which 28 were children)22 .