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Mauritania Drought Dec 1983 UNDRO Situation Reports 1 - 11

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UNDRO 83/2756

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 1
30 DECEMBER 1983

SITUATION

1. THE ISLAMIC GOVERNMENT OF MAURITANIA HAS ASKED UNDRO TO COORDINATE EMERGENCY AID AND TO REQUEST HELP FROM THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO EASE THE STRAIN OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE CONTINUOUS DROUGHT WHICH EXTENDS UNFORTUNATELY THROUGHOUT NEARLY THE ENTIRE COUNTRY. THE REGIONS WHICH ARE MOST AFFECTED ARE TRARZA, BRAKNA, TAGANT, ADRAR AND INCHIRI. THE HARVESTS HAVE BEEN VERY POOR TO AVERAGE. UP UNITL MID-SEPTEMBER THE RAINS HAD ONLY REACHED 20 PERCENT OF THE NORMAL PRECIPITATION AVERAGE OF THE LAST 30 YEARS. THE LEVEL OF THE SENEGAL RIVER IS INSUFFICIENT FOR FLOODING THE CULTIVATED PLAINS. WELLS ARE DRIED UP. LARGE TOWNS SUCH AS ATAR, KIFFA, AND TIDJIKA ARE WITHOUT WATER. THE ESTIMATED MAXIMUM HARVEST FOR 1983/84 IS 15,000 TONS. THIS SITUATION HAS CAUSED CONSIDERABLE MIGRATION OF THE POPULATION AND LIVESTOCK, RESULTING IN SEVERE SANITARY PROBLEMS. 30 PERCENT OF THE LIVESTOCK AND 50 PERCENT OF THE CAMELS HAVE DIED. 7,000 TONS OF RICE ARE GUARANTEED UNTIL FEBRUARY 1984. 20,000 TONS OF CORN AND SORGHUM ARE CURRENTLY AVAILABLE AND 38,600 ARE EXPECTED. 20,600 AVAILABLE FOR FREE DISTRIBUTION.

MONTHLY CONSUMPTION OF FOODSTUFFS: 20,000 TONS.

STORAGE CAPACITY: NOUAKCHOTT: 32,000 TONS, ROSSO: 15,000 TONS, NOUADHIBOU: 1,500 TONS. BY END JANUARY 32,000 TONS STORAGE CAPACITY SHOULD BE AVAILABLE IN THE INTERIOR OF THE COUNTRY.

PORT CAPACITIES: NOUAKCHOTT LIMITED, USE OF DAKAR AND NOUADHIBOU ESSENTIAL.

CONTRIBUTIONS

2. FAO: 0.2 MILLION DOLLARS ALLOCATED FOR THE PURCHASE OF VACCINES AND EQUIPMENT TO PREVENT RINDERPEST (1.2 MILLION OXEN).

ON 25 NOVEMBER, FAO/WFP ALLOCATED 15,500 TONS CORN, 1,560 TONS POWDERED MILK, 1,180 TONS BUTTER OIL, FOR 324,000 PERSONS FOR 120 DAYS AT TOTAL VALUE OF 11,253,000 DOLLARS INCLUDING TRANSPORTATION.

EEC: 5,000 TONS OF FOODSTUFFS

LRCS: HAS LAUNCHED AN APPEAL FOR 250,000 PERSONS (300,000 DOLLARS).

NEEDS FOR 1984

3. A) FOODSTUFFS: 120,000 TONS CEREAL, 16,500 TONS MILK POWDER AND 16,500 TONS OIL.

B) TRANSPORT: LARGE NUMBERS OF TRUCKS AVAILABLE IN PRIVATE SECTOR AND IN REGIONAL CENTRES WHICH ARE ACCESSIBLE BY ROAD. CASH CONTRIBUTIONS, HOWEVER, ARE INDISPENSABLE TO FINANCE COST OF TRANSPORT.

C) HEALTH: MEDICAL PERSONNEL, MEDICAMENTS, AMBULANCES.

D) WATER PROBLEMS: DIGGING EQUIPMENT FOR WELLS, FINANCING OF COST OF NATIONAL TEAMS.

E) LIVESTOCK PROTECTION: VACCINE, QUALIFIED PERSONNEL (VETERINARIANS), AND CATTLE FOOD.

F) WATER DISTRIBUTION: REPAIR AND DIGGING OF NEW WELLS IN VILLAGES.

EMERGENCY PLAN

4. IN SEPTEMBER THE GOVERNMENT HELD A MEETING WITH PROVINCIAL GOVERNORS TO ESTABLISH AN EMERGENCY PLAN WHICH WAS DRAWN UP BY A TECHNICAL COMMITTEE FROM THE MINISTRIES AND DONORS (UNDP/WFP, FAO, AID, FED AND CARITAS). THIS REPORT WILL BE CIRCULATED LATER.

5. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO KEEP UNDRO INFORMED OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 84/0524

SECRETARY-GENERAL'S APPEAL FOR AFRICA OF 9 JANUARY AND 16 FEBRUARY 1984

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 2
27 FEBRUARY 1984

1. AT THE REQUEST OF THE GOVERNMENT AN UNDRO LED INTERAGENCY MISSION VISITED MAURITANIA FROM 14 TO 21 FEBRUARY 1984 TO ASSESS WITH THE AUTHORITIES THE SITUATION IN THE VARIOUS AREAS AFFECTED BY THE CONTINUING DROUGHT. MEMBERS OF THE MISSION SUGGESTED STEPS TO REINFORCE ACTION ALREADY TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, WITHIN THE EMERGENCY PLAN ADOPTED BY THE GOVERNMENT.

2. THE MISSION CONSISTED OF REPRESENTATIVES OF UNDRO, UNICEF, UNDP/NOUAKCHOTT, UNDP/TCD, WFP, ILO, FAO, WHO, UNSO. IT VISITED THE ''COMMISSION NATIONALE POUR L'ASSISTANCE AUX PERSONNES EPROUVEES PAR LA SECHERESSE (CNAPES)'' ESTABLISED BY THE GOVERNMENT IN NOVEMBER 1983 AND HAD CONSULTATIONS WITH THE MINISTRIES CONCERNED. TWO AREAS PARTICULARLY AFFECTED WERE VISITED: TRARZA (PREFECTURE OF ROSSO) AND TAGANT (PREFECTURE OF TIDJIKJA).
3. THE MISSION HAS NOTED THE EXTENT AND GRAVITY OF THE PROBLEMS RESULTING FROM THE DROUGHT AND THE INADEQUACY OF THE MEANS AVAILABLE TO CONFRONT IT, DESPITE THE EFFORTS MADE BY THE GOVERNMENT, AND THE GENEROUS RESPONSE BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. THE MISSION FURTHER NOTED THE PRECARIOUS SITUATION OF THE VULNERABLE GROUPS OF THE POPULATION, PARTICULARLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, WHOSE PLIGHT RISKS TO BE FURTHER AGGRAVATED IN THE COMING MONTHS. THE STRENGTHENING OF EMERGENCY AID AND LOGISTIC MEANS TO DELIVER THIS AID ARE REQUIRED.

4. THE MISSION'S RECOMMENDATIONS AND PROPOSALS FOR A CONCERTED MULTI-SECTORIAL EMERGENCY PROGRAMME WILL BE SPECIFIED IN THE NEXT SITUATION REPORT OF UNDRO.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 84/0634

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 3
15 MARCH 1984

1. HEREUNDER PRINCIPAL CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE UNDRO-LED INTER-AGENCY MISSION TO MAURITANIA FROM 14-21 FEBRUARY 1984.

GENERAL SITUATION

2. THE MISSION NOTED THE SERIOUSNESS AND EXTENT OF THE DROUGHT WHICH HAS CONTINUED FOR TWO CONSECUTIVE YEARS, DEEPLY AFFECTING VARIOUS SECTORS AND ESSENTIAL NEEDS (NUTRITION, HEALTH, WATER). GOVERNMENT ESTIMATES THAT TWO-THIRDS OF POPULATION IN URGENT NEED OF HELP.

3. IN VIEW SERIOUS DEFICIT IN RAINFALL REGISTERED 1982 AND 1983, ACTUAL CEREAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL SECTOR ESTIMATED AT 15,000 T (AGAINST 61,000 T IN 81/82 AND 20,000 T IN 82/83) WHICH REPRESENTS 6 PER CENT OF CONSUMPTION. SITUATION OF LIVESTOCK VERY CRITICAL IN VIEW OF DISAPPEARANCE OF PASTURES EXCEPT IN SOUTHERN REGIONS, CAUSING CONCENTRATION OF CATTLE THERE. FUTURE DIFFICULTIES FORESEEN IN SUPPLY OF MILK AND MEAT DUE TO PRESENT LARGESCALE SALE OF LIVESTOCK AT LOW PRICES. HYDRAULIC SITUATION CHARACTERISED BY NUMEROUS DRY WELLS AND WIDESPREAD LOWERING OF GROUNDWATER.

4. MISSION AWARE OF PRECARIOUS FOOD SITUATION AND HEALTH OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS. NUTRITION SURVEYS IN 1983 REVEALED HIGH RATE OF SERIOUS MALNUTRITION. NUMEROUS CASES OF VITAMIN DEFICIENCY, ESPECIALLY SCURVY AND ANAEMIA. SITUATION WILL DETERIORATE IN NEXT FEW MONTHS UNLESS EXTRA EFFORT UNDERTAKEN IMMEDIATELY IN FAVOUR OF THESE GROUPS.

5. TO CONFRONT THIS SITUATION, IN NOVEMBER 1983 GOVERNMENT DEVELOPED AN EMERGENCY PLAN OF ACTION. MISSION EXAMINED MEASURES UNDERTAKEN IN EXECUTION OF PLAN AND DREW UP FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS:

FOOD SECTOR

6. GOVERNMENT HOPES TO DISTRIBUTE 75 PER CENT OF FOOD FREE OR AGAINST WORK, AND TO TRANSPORT THIS DIRECTLY TO THE POPULATION LIVING BEYOND REGIONAL AND DEPARTMENTAL WAREHOUSES. MISSION CONSIDERED IMPLEMENTATION OF THESE OBJECTIVES AS HIGHEST PRIORITY.

7. MISSION ASSESSED THE FOLLOWING NEEDS AS MOST URGENT:

A. CEREALS

(A) NEEDS ESTIMATED BY GOVERNMENT: 1,130,000 INHABITANTS X 12.5 KG (150 KG/YEAR X 10 MONTHS (MARCH-DEC) = 141,250 T, (B) STOCKS AVAILABLE OR ARRIVING AT FOOD SECURITY COMMISSARIAT (FSC) (36,000 T), (C) FIRM PLEDGES FOR 1984: 40,500 T, (D) NGO STOCKS AND PLEDGES + WFP REGULAR PROGRAMMES 11,500 T, (E) PLEDGES MADE KNOWN TO THE MISSION BUT NOT CONFIRMED TO THE GOVT: 38,000 T. TOTAL B/C/D/ E: 126,000 T. THEREFORE A DEFICIT OF 15,250 T HAS TO BE COVERED.

8. MISSION RECOMMENDS THAT PLEDGES BE CONFIRMED TO THE GOVT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. WFP WILL CONTACT INTERESTED DONORS. DONORS' ATTENTION IS DRAWN TO THE POSSIBILITY THAT PART OF THE COMMITMENTS MAY NOT BE DELIVERED IN 1984 AND THE NECESSITY TO FORESEE NEEDS BEYOND THE OCTOBER HARVEST IN VIEW OF THE CHRONIC DROP IN CEREAL PRODUCTION.

9. FOR THE SITUATION ON ALL SECTORS OF THE CEREAL CROP, BETWEEN NOV AND OCT, REFER TO ASSESSMENTS BY FAO AND THE FAO/WFP SPECIAL TASK FORCE ON AFRICA.

B. MILK AND OIL

10. (A) NEEDS (BASED ON SEVEN-MONTH EMERGENCY - MARCH-SEPT 1984):

MILK: 1,130,000 INHAB. X 1.2 KG (40 G/J) X 7 MONTHS = 9,492 T.

OIL: 1,130,000 INHAB. X 1.2 KG (40 G/J) X 7 MONTHS = 9,492 T.

(B) STOCKS = NIL. (C) PLEDGES TO THE FSC 1984: MILK = 3,760 T. OIL: 2,070 T. (D) NGO'S (AVAILABLE AND COMMITTED): MILK = 2,286 T. OIL: 1,118 T. (E) PLEDGES TO BE CONFIRMED: BUTTER OIL: 2,500 T. TOTAL B/C/D/E: MILK = 6,046 T. OIL = 5,688 T. HENCE DEFICITS TO BE COVERED: MILK = 3,446 T. OIL = 3,804 T.

11. IN VIEW OF LIMITED AVAILABILITY OF THESE PRODUCTS MISSION STRESSED THE NEED FOR URGENT SUPPLEMENTARY DELIVERIES. HOWEVER, IT EMPHASISED THAT SPECIAL ATTENTION SHOULD BE PAID AS TO HOW THEY WERE USED.

12. LOGISTICS SUPPORT TO THE FOOD SECTOR

IN ORDER TO IMPLEMENT THE OBJECTIVES SPECIFIED IN PARA 6, MISSION CONSIDERS IT NECESSARY (1) TO OBTAIN SUPPLEMENTARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO COVER TRANSPORT COSTS TO REGIONAL WAREHOUSES. IN THE ABSENCE OF CONTRIBUTIONS, GOVT WILL BE OBLIGED TO SELL ABOUT 40 PER CENT OF EMERGENCY FOOD AID TO MEET THESE COSTS. (2) TO PLACE TWENTY 10 T TRUCKS IN 8 REGIONS IN ORDER TO TRANSPORT THE AID FROM THE WAREHOUSES TO THE PERSONS NOT REACHED.

TRANSPORT COSTS

13. IN AGREEMENT WITH GOVT, MISSION PROPOSES THAT CONTRIBUTIONS BE FORWARDED TO UNDRO/UNDP TO REDUCE COSTS AND DELAYS EXECUTION OF PROGRAMME. ON THE BASIS OF A REDUCTION IN COSTS TO 80 US DLRS/ TON, SUPPLEMENTARY CONTRIBUTIONS REQUIRED FOR TRANSPORTING EMERGENCY AID (PARAS 7 B, C, E, 10 C AND E) ARE ESTIMATED AT AROUND 7 MILLION US DLRS.

14. FROM THIS SUM MISSION LAUNCHES IMMEDIATE APPEAL FOR US DLRS 1,280,000 (NAMELY 16,000 T X 80 US DLRS) TO ENSURE THE TRANSPORT OF AVAILABLE STOCKS NOT COVERED.

TRUCKS

15. DONATED TRUCKS WILL BE DELIVERED TO UNDRO/UNDP WHO JOINTLY WITH THE FSC WILL ENSURE THEIR MAINTENANCE. DRIVERS WILL BE REQUESTED TO FOLLOW DRIVING/REPAIR COURSES RUN BY THE PROFESSIONAL FORMATION CENTRE IN NOUAKCHOTT (UNDP/ILO PROJECT).

16. PREFERRED MAKE: MERCEDES-BENZ L 1924/52, USED THROUGHOUT MAURITANIA, SPARE PARTS AND SERVICE AVAILABLE LOCALLY. DELIVERED PRICE NOUAKCHOTT, DOLL STEEL PLATFORM ALREADY MOUNTED, INCLUDING 10 PER CENT FOR SPARE PARTS, AROUND US DLRS 58,000.

VEHICLES + RUNNING COSTS - 8 MONTHS:

- TRUCKS: US DLRS 58,000 X 20 = 1,116,000
- FUEL: (TAX FREE) 50 L/100 KM X 2,000 KM X 8 MONTHS = 60,000
- LUBRICANT (30 PER CENT) = 18,000

TOTAL US DLRS 1,194,000

17. UNDRO APPEALS TO DONORS FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO MEET COSTS THIS SECTOR, OR PREFERABLY FOR THE AFOREMENTIONED TRUCKS, OR EQUIVALENT, TO BE SENT DIRECTLY TO UNDP/NOUAKCHOTT.

AGRO-SYLVO-PASTORAL SECTOR

18. SEE FAO/WFP TASK FORCE'S SITUATION REPORTS. MISSION ESTIMATES THE FOLLOWING ACTIONS AND PROJECTS AS PRIORITY:

19. AGRICULTURE

- SUPPLIES OF SORGHUM AND MILLET SEEDS BEFORE JUNE.

- SUPPLIES OF MARKET-GARDEN SEEDS, HORTICULTURAL MATERIAL AND SUPPORT FOR CROP PROTECTION TEAMS BY SEPT.: US DLRS 378,000.

20. STOCK BREEDING

- MISSION DRAWS ATTENTION TO FAO/WFP SITREP NO. 3 WHICH SHOWS, FOR FIRST PHASE, FODDER NEEDS AS 22,000 T = US DLRS 4 MILLION.

- COMPLEMENTARY NEEDS: VACCINES, MEDICAMENTS AND VACCINATION TEAMS' EXPENSES (ESTIMATED AT AROUND US DLRS 400,000).

- SUPPORT FOR THE PROTECTION OF GRAZING (OPENING AND MAINTENANCE OF FIRE-BREAKS, ESPECIALLY FOR REPAIRING OR PURCHASING BULL DOZERS AND TRUCKS UNIMOG (ESTIMATED COST: 1.2 MILLION US DLRS). (FOR ABOVE MENTIONED NEEDS CONTACT FAO/OSRO, ROME).

- PROJECT STUDY TO SAVE 4,000 HEAD BREEDING CATTLE. ESTIMATED COST: 2 MILLION US DLRS. (CONTACT UNDP/UNSO NEW YORK).

21. RURAL EARTHWORKS

INTENSIFICATION OF CONSTRUCTION WORK AND DEVELOPMENT OF EARTHEN DAMS AND DYKES, INCLUDING IMMEDIATE EXTENSION FOR 5 MONTHS OF THE UNSO/UNDP PROJECT FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF EARTHEN DAMS (COST: US DLRS 450,000) AND LAUNCHING OF SECOND PHASE (THIRTY MONTHS) (US DLRS 2,815,000). CONTACT UNSO.

22. HEALTH SECTOR

MISSION SUPPORTS GOVERNMENT STRATEGY TO MAKE OPERATIONAL IN THE SHORTEST TIME POSSIBLE, AT REGIONAL LEVEL, SPECIAL SURVEILLANCE/ NUTRITIONAL INTERVENTION AND SANITARY TEAMS, AND REINFORCEMENT OF EXISTING SERVICES. LOCAL PERSONNEL FOR INTERVENTION TEAMS AVAILABLE ON THE SPOT, BUT REINFORCEMENT BY OUTSIDE TEAMS (1 DOCTOR, 1 NURSE/NUTRITIONIST HAVING INDEPEDNENT MEANS) ADVISABLE. 1 REGION ADEQUATELY COVERED AT PRESENT (HODH EL GHARBI, SUPPORTED BY TEAM FROM MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES), OUT OF NINE DECLARED PRIORITY.

NEEDS:

- ONE 10 T TRUCK TO TRANSPORT MEDICAMENTS NATIONAL LEVEL: - 60,000
- 8 LAND VEHICLES, LAND ROVER SW MAKE - 120,000
- FUEL AND LUBRICANT FOR 9 MONTHS - 30,000
- EXPENSES FOR TRANSPORT OF PERSONNEL (5 PERSONS/REGION) - 40,000

TOTAL - US DLRS 250,000

23. IN SPITE OF IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTIONS FROM WHO AND USAID, NEED FOR MEDICAMENTS AND URGENT MEDICAL EQUIPMENT REMAINS HIGH. LIST OF REQUIREMENTS NOT COVERED, WITH RELATED PRIORITY (VALUED AT US DLRS 269,000) AVAILABLE FROM DR. GUNN, WHO, GENEVA.

24. UNDRO PARTICIPATION

SHOULD RESPONSES TO PRESENT APPEAL WARRANT IT, UNDRO READY TO REINFORCE UNDP, NOUAKCHOTT, ENSURE FOLLOW-UP CONTRIBUTIONS, CONTINUE TO ASSESS SITUATION AND TO SUPPORT ON-THE-SPOT CO-ORDINATION.

25. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO OF THEIR INTENTION TO PARTICIPATE IN THIS CONCERTED EMERGENCY PROGRAMME.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 84/0737

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 4
30 MARCH 1984

AAA) HEREUNDER CONTRIBUTIONS ANNOUNCED TO UNDRO SINCE APPEAL 15 MARCH BASED ON RECOMMENDATIONS INTER-AGENCY MISSION TO MAURITANIA.

I. GOVERNMENTS

(A) UNITED KINGDOM: 8 LAND ROVERS SW THROUGH UNDRO FOR REGIONAL MEDICAL TEAMS.

(B) SWITZERLAND (SWISS DISASTER RELIEF UNIT): MISSION EARLY APRIL ACCOMPANIED BY UNDRO DELEGATE TO STUDY FIELDING 1 OR 2 TEAMS REGIONAL LEVEL.

II. UNITED NATIONS

(A) UNDRO: 25,000 US DLRS FOR PURCHASE DRIED FISH.

(B) UNICEF: 150,000 US DLRS FROM EMERGENCY FUNDS FOR IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAMMES FIELDS OF HEALTH AND NUTRITION.

(C) ILO: PREPARATORY MISSION MAY-JUNE FOR RESUMPTION LABOURINTENSIVE SPECIAL PROGRAMMES PUBLIC WORKS.

III. NGO'S

LEAGUE RED CROSS: 2 MEDICAL TEAMS BY MID-APRIL OPERATING IN REGIONS OF BRAKNA AND HODH EL CHARGUI (FINANCED BY RED CROSS AND EEC). STRENGTHENING DISTRIBUTION PROGRAMME TO VULNERABLE GROUPS (250,000 PERSONS) THROUGH MAURITANIAN RED CRESCENT.

BBB) DONORS REQUESTED INFORM UNDRO THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS THIS PROGRAMME.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 84/1452

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 5
29 JUNE 1984

1. GENERAL

UNDRO DELEGATE PRESENTLY IN MAURITANIA FOR 3 MONTHS. SOME PREMATURE RAINS REPORTED SCATTERED LOCALITIES SOUTHERN MAURITANIA, HOWEVER PLANTING SEASON ONLY JUNE-JULY. OVERALL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EMERGENCY PLAN ESTIMATED BY GOVERNMENT AT 52 PER CENT BUT UNEVEN SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION.

2. FOOD

VERY WELL ORGANIZED DISTRIBUTION BY HIGH COMMISSION OF FOOD SECURITY, WFP, RED CRESCENT AND CRS. DISCUSSION PRESENTLY BEING HELD WITH WFP TO UPDATE FOOD BALANCE AND DEFICIT ESTIMATES. MALNUTRITION ESPECIALLY AMONG SMALL CHILDREN, STILL SEVERE AND WOULD APPEAR TO BE WORSENING. GOVERNMENT HAS DECIDED TO SET UP 200 'CENTRES ALIMENTAIRES COMMUNAUTAIRES' FOR CHILDREN BETWEEN 1 AND 5 YEARS.

3. WATER

EMERGENCY PROGRAMME FULLY FINANCED AND UNDERWAY. EFFORTS CONTINUING TO OBTAIN FINANCING OF FURTHER WATER DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS.

4. AGRO-PASTORAL PROGRAMME

TO DATE, LIMITED DONOR RESPONSE CONCERNING LIVESTOCK. FAO RECOMMENDATION 22,500 TONS FOR CATTLEFEED, ONLY 2,000 TONS HAVE BEEN RECEIVED.

5. HEALTH

AT UNDRO REQUEST, MEETING HELD 3 JUNE BETWEEN REPRESENTATIVES ALL FOREIGN MEDICAL TEAMS, WHO AND THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH WHICH:
(A) DEFINED JOINT PROCEDURE CONCERNING ROLE AND ACTIVITIES OF THE TEAMS (B) PROVIDED SOLUTIONS FOR SOME OPERATIONAL PROBLEMS (C) CREATED 'COMMISSION NATIONALE' TO FOLLOW UP THE MEDICO-NUTRITIONAL SITUATION UNDER THE AUSPICES OF MINISTRY OF HEALTH WITH PARTICIPATION OF HIGH COMMISSION OF FOOD SECURITY, BILATERAL AND MULTI-LATERAL DONORS AND NGO'S.

6. TRANSPORT

NEED FOR VEHICLES FOR HIGH COMMISSION OF FOOD SECURITY WHICH STILL DEPENDENT ON PRIVATE CARRIERS FOR LONG-HAUL TRANSPORT.

7. WORLD VISION INTERNATIONAL, HAS SET UP HEALTH PROJECT IN MAURITANIA IN COLLABORATION WITH TERRE DES HOMMES.

8. PROGRAMMES OF MEDICAL TEAMS NOW OPERATIONAL: UNICEF, RED CROSS, MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES, TERRE DES HOMMES, AIDE SUISSE EN CAS DE CATASTROPHE.

9. NEW CONTRIBUTIONS REPORTED TO UNDRO


UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM
US DLRS
WHO
PURCHASE MEDICINES
187,000
FAO
CATTLEFEED 2,000 TONS
570,000
WFP
EMERGENCY FOOD SUPPLIES
3,601,000
GOVERNMENTS
ALGERIA:
CASH FOR PURCHASE MEDICINES
84,000
CHINA
CASH
50,000
GERMANY (FED REP OF)
CASH FOR PURCHASE OF MEDICINES
234,000
HOLY SEE
CASH TO CARITAS MAURITANIA
15,000
MAURITANIA
PRIVATE CONTRIBUTIONS
1,000,000
NORWAY
CASH TO CARITAS NORWAY N.KR. 216,000
27,000
USA (USAID)
CASH FOR PUCHASE MEDICINES
85,000
INTER-GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES
EEC
CASH FOR TRANSPORT FEES - 405,000 ECUS
CASH FOR HEALTH SECTOR - 200,000 ECUS
480,000


10. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO KEEP UNDRO INFORMED OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND VALUE.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVE 28148 +


UNDRO 84/1666

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 6
09 AUGUST 1984

1. GENERAL SITUATION

PLUVIOMETRIC DATA REVEALS EARLY RAINS MAURITANIA, BUT UNEVENLY DISTRIBUTED OVER TERRITORY. AGRICULTURAL CAMPAIGN SOUTHERN AREAS STILL IN JEOPARDY.

2. FOOD BALANCE

MAJOR DISTRIBUTION OF FOODSTUFFS CONTINUES TO BE MADE FREE OF CHARGE BY CSA (COMMISSARIAT SECURITE ALIMENTAIRE) WITH SUPPLEMENT MAURITANIAN RED CRESCENT/LEAGUE AND CRS. FOOD SITUATION STILL WORRYING AND INCREASED RATE OF DISTRIBUTION NEEDED TO COVER PERIOD UNTIL HARVEST (AT LEAST JANUARY 1985). IN AGREEMENT WITH WFP, CSA HAS ESTIMATED 1984 DEFICIT IN EMERGENCY AID (FREE DISTRIBUTION) AT 40,000 T. CEREALS, 615 T. MILK, 3,374 T. BUTTER OIL.

3. LIVESTOCK

MAJOR LOSSES CATTLE REPORTED IN MAURITANIA AND NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES (PARTICULARLY MALI). ESTIMATES OF LOSSES FROM 40-90 PER CENT IN SOME REGIONS. THIS SITUATION EXTREMELY WORRYING FROM STANDPOINT NUTRITIONAL IMPACT ON POPULATION, PARTICULARLY CHILDREN.

4. HEALTH/NUTRITIONAL ACTIVITIES

MEETING 16 JULY OF FIVE REGIONAL EXPATRIATE TEAMS WITH CENTRAL MONITORING TEAM, MINISTRY OF HEALTH. MAURITANIAN REGIONAL INTERVENTION TEAMS ESTABLISHED IN FIVE AREAS WITH THREE UNICEF LANDROVERS AND TWO UNDRO/UNITED KINGDOM LANDROVERS. SIX UK LANDROVERS EXPECTED NEAR FUTURE WILL MAKE POSSIBLE INCREASE IN NUMBER OF REGIONAL AND SUB-REGIONAL TEAMS TO 15. ABOUT 50 COMMUNITY FOOD CENTRES SET UP IN MOST AFFECTED AREAS, FEEDING BETWEEN 4,000 AND 5,000 CHILDREN.

5. TRANSPORT

EXPERIMENTAL OPERATION BEING CARRIED OUT ON UNDRO INITIATIVE WITH CSA, USING US DLRS 100,000 EEC FINANCING, FOR HIRING PRIVATE CARRIERS TO DELIVER FOODSTUFFS TO VILLAGES AND CAMPS IN THE INTERIOR HAS PRODUCED EXCELLENT RESULTS. ADDITIONAL UNICEF CONTRIBUTION US DLRS 100,000 FOR THIS OPERATION. GOVERNMENT HAS ASKED UNDRO TO EXTEND OPERATION TO ALL STRICKEN AREAS. UNDRO CURRENTLY STUDYING TRANSPORT PROGRAMME WHICH WILL SOON BE SUBMITTED TO DONORS.

6. SPECIAL PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMME (ILO)

FOUR YEAR PROGRAMME VARIOUS LABOUR-INTENSIVE WORKS FOR ADAPTATION VILLAGE INFRASTRUCTURES TO DROUGHT, WORKED OUT WITH GOVERNMENT BEGINNING OCTOBER 1984. PROGRAMME GIVEN HIGH PRIORITY IN EMERGENCY PLAN. FINANCE SOUGHT BY ILO: US DLRS 5 MILLION AND 1.5 MILLION TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE. DONORS ASKED TO CONTACT EITHER UNDRO OR MEYER/GARNIER, ILO, GENEVA.

ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 84/1696

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 7
14 AUGUST 1984

FINANCING REQUIRED TO ENSURE DISTRIBUTION OF EMERGENCY FOODSTUFFS

1. AS INDICATED IN PARA C OF SITREP NO. 6 DATED 7 AUGUST, THE TRIAL OPERATION TO TRANSPORT FOODSTUFFS FROM PROVINCIAL CENTRE TO VILLAGES AND CAMPS HAS BEEN CARRIED OUT SATISFACTORILY.

2. FOLLOWING THIS EXPERIMENT, THE GOVERNMENT HAS ASKED UNDRO TO EXTEND THE OPERATION THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY FOR THE NEXT SIX MONTHS. IT DOES NOT HAVE THE REQUIRED FUNDING AT ITS DISPOSAL FOR SUCH AN OPERATION AND CANNOT RESORT TO SELLING A PORTION OF INTERNATIONAL FOOD AID TO ENSURE ITS FINANCING.

3. THE OPERATION WILL CONSIST OF TWO COMPONENTS:

A) DELIVERY OF SUPPLIES FROM NOUAKCHOTT OR ROSSO (EX DAKAR) TO THE 62 PROVINCIAL CENTRES.

B) DISTRIBUTION FROM THE PROVINCIAL CENTRES TO THE INTERIOR AND MOST ISOLATED ZONES OF THE PROVINCES.

4. TO EFFECTIVELY COMPLETE THE OPERATION IT IS PROPOSED THAT INDEPENDENT CARRIERS BE USED, WITH NON-GOVERNMENTAL EXECUTING AGENCIES, CHOSEN IN AGREEMENT WITH THE GOVERNMENT AND UNDRO, PROVIDING LOGISTICS SUPPORT. AN AVERAGE PREFERENTIAL TARIFF HAS BEEN FIXED WITH THE CARRIERS AT US DLRS 110 PER TON/KM FROM NOUAKCHOTT TO FINAL DESTINATION.

5. 10,000 TONS OF SUPPLIES HAVE BEEN EARMARKED BY THE COMMISSARIAT A LA SECURITE ALIMENTAIRE (CSA) FOR FREE DISTRIBUTION, ACCORDING TO A PLAN TO BE ESTABLISHED JOINTLY BY CSA, UNDRO AND THE EXECUTING AGENCY, AS SOON AS DONORS' REACTION TO THIS APPEAL IS KNOWN.

6. FINANCING REQUIRED:

- TRANSPORT COSTS 10,000 TONS: 1,100,000

- PERSONNEL AND MATERIAL INDISPENSABLE TO ENSURE
LOGISTICS SUPPORT AND SUPERVISION OF THE PROGRAMME
BY UNDRO AND EXECUTING AGENCIES: 250,000

TOTAL US DLRS: 1,350,000

THESE FIGURES HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED TO COVER A SIX-MONTH PERIOD. ANY EXTENSION OF THE PROGRAMME BEYOND THIS TIME WILL NECESSITATE SUPPLEMENTARY FINANCING.

7. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO CONSIDER THIS APPEAL AS EXTREMELY URGENT AND TO INFORM UNDRO, AS SOON AS POSSIBLE, OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS.

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UNDRO 84/1996

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 8
21 SEPTEMBER 1984

SITUATION

1. EXCEPT FOR SOME REGIONS IN SOUTH OF COUNTRY, FIRST ASSESSMENT 1984 RAINY SEASON VERY DISAPPOINTING. ALTHOUGH RAINY SEASON HAS NOT YET ENDED, PROVISIONAL METEOROLOGICAL DATA INDICATE CONTINUATION AND EVEN AGGRAVATION OF DROUGHT WHICH HAS NOW LASTED FOR THREE YEARS. HEAVY LOSSES OF LIVESTOCK REPORTED ALONG BORDER WITH MALI. HARVEST LEVELS EXPECTED TO BE EVEN LOWER THAN LAST YEAR AND MAY NOT EXCEED A TOTAL OF 15.000 TONS, CLEARLY INSUFFICIENT TO MEET CURRENT AND ANTICIPATED FOOD NEEDS.

2. GOVERNMENT AT PRESENT UNDERTAKING DETAILED ASSESSMENT OF SITUATION IN COUNTRY'S DIFFERENT REGIONS, AS WELL AS OF ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT WITHIN FRAMEWORK 83-84 EMERGENCY PROGRAMME, TO DETERMINE FUTURE ACTION. UNDRO AND POTENTIAL DONORS WILL BE CLOSELY ASSOCIATED THIS PROCESS TO ENSURE JOINT EXAMINATION OF NEEDS AND POSSIBILITIES FOR FURTHER INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE.

3. HEALTH SECTOR: 6 FOREIGN AND 9 MAURITANIAN MEDICAL TEAMS NOW OPERATING IN WORST-AFFECTED REGIONS. MORE THAN 100 COMMUNITY FEEDING CENTRES OPENED THROUGHOUT COUNTRY RECEIVING SUPPORT FROM THESE TEAMS. NUTRITIONAL SURVEY WORST-AFFECTED POPULATIONS IN PROCESS.

4. FOOD AID: IN VIEW VERY PRECARIOUS FOOD SITUATION, UNDRO RESPONDING TO RECENT GOVERNMENT REQUEST TO CONTINUE AND INCREASE INTERNATIONAL APPEAL FOR CONCERTED RELIEF PROGRAMME COMPRISING EMERGENCY FOOD TRANSPORT AND DISTRIBUTION COMPONENT (SEE SITREP NO. 7 OF 14 AUGUST 1984). QUANTITIES IMMEDIATELY AVAILABLE FOR FREE DISTRIBUTION TO WORST-AFFECTED REGIONS NOW INCREASED TO 20,000 TONS.

5. TO ENSURE IMPLEMENTATION THIS PROGRAMME, UNDRO SEEKING FINANCIAL SUPPORT AS FOLLOWS:

- COST OF TRANSPORT BY COMMERCIAL TRANSPORTERS (20,000 TONS AT AVERAGE PRICE OF DLRS 110/TON): 2,200,000

- FUEL FOR TRUCKS BELONGING TO THE COMMISSARIAT
A LA SECURITE ALIMENTAIRE: 100,000

- PERSONNEL AND MATERIALS NECESSARY TO ENSURE LOGIS TICS SUPPORT AND SUPERVISION OF THE PROGRAMME: 500,000

TOTAL: 2,800,000

6. WITH GOVERNMENT AGREEMENT, CARE INTERNATIONAL HAS INDICATED ITS AVAILABILITY TO ACT AS EXECUTING AGENCY FOR THIS EMERGENCY PROGRAMME (SITREP NO. 7, PARA 4).

7. THE SUM OF 2.8 MILLION DOLLARS INCLUDES THE AMOUNTS ALREADY APPEALED FOR IN PREVIOUS SITUATION REPORT.

8. WITHIN FRAMEWORK REGIONAL PROJECT APPROVED BY UNDP GOVERNING COUNCIL, THE UN VOLUNTEERS PROGRAMME WILL ASSIGN 4 VOLUNTEERS TO MAURITANIA TO ASSIST IN EMERGENCY ACTIVITIES.

9. CONTRIBUTIONS (SINCE UNDRO SITREP NO. 5)


US DLRS
UNITED KINGDOM GOVERNMENT
CASH CONTRIBUTION TO UNDRO
UK POUNDS 75,000
98,000
OXFAM
CASH CONTRIBUTION TO UNDRO FOR PROCUREMENT OF TRANSCEIVERS FOR HEALTH SECTOR
22,000

10. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO KEEP UNDRO INFORMED OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

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UNDRO 84/2797

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 9
21 DECEMBER 1984

1. GENERAL

SEVERAL FIELD EVALUATION MISSIONS, UNDERTAKEN BY GOVT/UN/DONORS IN OCTOBER (DETAILED RESULTS AVAILABLE FROM UNDRO), CONFIRM THAT DURING 85 MAURITANIA WILL CONTINUE TO BE SEVERELY AFFECTED BY EFFECTS OF THREE CONSECUTIVE YEARS OF DROUGHT AND GENERALIZED DESERTIFICATION. FINAL REPORT STRESSES THAT IMPORTANT CONCERTED RELIEF PROGRAMMES, IN PARTICULAR INVOLVING EMERGENCY FOOD AID, HAVE UP TO NOW AVOIDED FAMINE. SITUATION REMAINS PRECARIOUS, HOWEVER, AND COULD NOT AFFORD ANY INTERRUPTION IN FOOD AID DELIVERIES SCHEDULED FOR 85. REINFORCEMENT OF EMERGENCY PROGRAMMES WILL BE REQUIRED.

2. FUTURE NEEDS

NEW MULTI-SECTORAL EMERGENCY PLAN BEING ELABORATED. UNDRO WILL COMMUNICATE AS SOON AS POSSIBLE COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF THE EMERGENCY ACTION NEEDED AND INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE REQUIRED.

3. CHOLERA

CHOLERA, REPORTED DURING OCT/NOV FROM AREAS CLOSE TO SENEGAL RIVER AND AROUND NOUAKCHOTT, WAS CONTAINED BY INTENSIVE TREATMENT AND PREVENTION CAMPAIGNS WHICH RECEIVED IMPORTANT DONOR SUPPORT. SITUATION NOW UNDER CONTROL AND LIMITED TO SPORADIC CASES, ALTHOUGH RESURGENCE REMAINS POSSIBLE. INFORMATION ON UNMET NEEDS
AVAILABLE FROM UNDRO OR WHO.

4. INTERNAL TRANSPORT OPERATION (UNDRO SITREPS 7 AND 8)

IN RESPONSE UNDRO APPEAL (21 SEPTEMBER 1984, FOR US DLRS 2.8 MILLION), USA GOVT CONTRIBUTED US DLRS 1,250,000. NEGOTIATIONS FOR ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS CONTINUING WITH OTHER DONORS (IN PARTICULAR EEC).

5. FUTURE ACTION BY UNDRO

IN VIEW CONTINUED EMERGENCY SITUATION AND AT REQUEST OF GOVT, UNDP AND DONORS, UNDRO MAINTAINING ITS OPERATIONAL UNIT WITH UNDP/NOUAKCHOTT, TO ENSURE FORMULATION OF CONCERTED EMERGENCY PROGRAMME FOR 85 AND TO ASSIST IN CO-ORDINATION INTERNATIONAL RELIEF.

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UNDRO 85/1622

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 10
18 JULY 1985

THE FOLLOWING SITUATION REPORT IS ISSUED IN CONSULTATION WITH OEOA.

GENERAL

1. THROUGHOUT 1985, MAURITANIA WILL CONTINUE TO BE SEVERELY AFFECTED BY YEARS OF GENERALIZED DROUGHT AND ADVANCING DESERTIFICATION. AFTER SEVERAL SECTORAL ASSESSMENT MISSIONS, IN WHICH THE UN SYSTEM, BILATERAL DONORS AND NGOS PARTICIPATED, THE GOVERNMENT PUBLISHED IN MARCH A COMPREHENSIVE MULTI-SECTORAL EMERGENCY PLAN FOR 1985. THIS IMPORTANT AND INFORMATIVE DOCUMENT WAS FIRST INTRODUCED TO THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY DURING THE DONORS MEETING CONVENED BY OEOA IN DAKAR ON 2 APRIL 1985. THE PLAN ARGUES CONVINCINGLY THAT AS A RESULT OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION, UNINTERRUPTED AND HIGH-LEVEL SUPPORT FROM THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY WILL CONTINUE TO BE REQUIRED TO AVOID A BREAK-DOWN IN BASIC EMERGENCY SERVICES OR A SLOW-DOWN IN VITAL RECOVERY/REHABILITATION PROJECTS.

2. UNDP/UNDRO HAVE NOW PREPARED A SYNOPTICAL REVIEW OF THE 1985 EMERGENCY PLAN. IT PROVIDES SUMMARIZED BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON, AND DETAILED COSTING OF, UNMET PRIORITY NEEDS IN AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK, FISHERIES, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, WATER SUPPLY, EMERGENCY FOOD AID AND HEALTH. BOTH DOCUMENTS ARE AVAILABLE FROM UNDRO.

3. THE UNDP/UNDRO RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR RECENTLY CONSTITUTED A LOCAL EMERGENCY OPERATIONS GROUP COMPOSED OF UNDP, UNDRO, WFP, UNICEF, FAO AND WHO.

DROUGHT SITUATION

4. IN GENERAL NO CHANGE. RAINY SEASON AGAIN DELAYED. SLIGHT RAINS LIMITED TO EXTREME SOUTHERN PARTS OF COUNTRY, HAVE PERMITTED SOME AGRICULTURAL PLANTING, BUT THESE HAMPERED BY SHORTAGES MILLET/SORGHO SEEDS. NEW EFFECTS ON POPULATION DIFFICULT TO ASCERTAIN. MAJOR POPULATION MOVEMENTS NOW STABILIZED BUT LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE (800,000 AT LEAST) WILL REMAIN FULLY DEPENDANT ON FOOD AID DUE CROP/LIVESTOCK LOSSES. UNLESS EXPECTED RAINS SOON ADEQUATE NO IMPROVEMENT ECONOMIC OUTPUT VITAL AGRICULTURE/ LIVESTOCK SECTORS CAN BE EXPECTED. MALNUTRITION ESPECIALLY SEVERE AMONG CHILDREN UNDER FIVE.

ON-GOING RELIEF OPERATIONS

5. INTERNAL DISTRIBUTION 20,000 MT MULTIDONOR EMERGENCY FOOD COMPLETED IN JUNE BY COMMISSARIAT A LA SECURITE ALIMENTAIRE (CSA) WITH UNDRO AND CARE ASSISTANCE. PENDING ARRIVAL 50,000 MT DURING SECOND HALF 1985, 8,000 MT BEING BORROWED FROM STOCKS FOR DISTRIBUTION INACCESSIBLE AREAS. FOOD DELIVERIES FOR SUPPLEMENTARY FEEDING VULNERABLE GROUPS STARTED END JUNE. FURTHER DISTRIBUTION 20,000 MT EMERGENCY FOOD PLANNED FOR JULY-SEPTEMBER.

FOOD DEFICIT

6. AS OF EARLY JUNE THE FOOD DEFICIT FOR 1985 (SEE SYNOPTICAL REVIEW P.25) WAS CALCULATED AT:

- CEREALS: 69,300 MT
- DSM: 3,100 MT
- BUTTER: 6,900 MT

NEW ANNOUNCEMENTS IN JUNE 20,837 MT AS FOLLOWS:

- CHINA 3,000 MT MAIZE
- USA/CRS 25 MT FISH
- FRANCE/CRM 1,112 MT WHEAT
- CANADA 10,000 MT WHEAT/DSM/BEANS
- EEC 500 MT DSM
- EEC 200 MT BUTTEROIL
- RFA 6,000 MT WHEAT

AS OF 1 JULY, AND FOR THE PERIOD ENDING 31 OCTOBER 1985, WFP ESTIMATES THE CEREAL PLEDGE GAP AT 3,473 MT.

7. EMERGENCY LOGISTICS INFRASTRUCTURE, ESPECIALLY INTERNAL TRANSPORT, OPERATING FAIRLY WELL. HOWEVER UNMET FOOD NEEDS DIFFICULT TO ASCERTAIN IN VIEW EVOLVING NUMBER OF BENEFICIARIES, AS WELL AS FOOD QUANTITIES IN STOCK OR TO BE DISTRIBUTED IN SPARSELY POPULATED AND INACCESSIBLE AREAS. CSA IMPROVING STATISTICS AND MONITORING SYSTEMS WITH UN SUPPORT.

8. DONORS ARE URGED TO SCHEDULE EMERGENCY FOOD SHIPMENTS TO MAURITANIA IN CONSULTATION WITH WFP/ROME (SEE ALSO WFP WEEKLY REPORT ON FOOD AID SHIPMENTS TO MOST AFFECTED AFRICAN COUNTRIES).

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

9. UNDP (UNEO-TF): PRODOC US DLRS 200,000 FOR FERTILIZER SUPPLY THROUGH FAO. FAO: US DLRS 117,000 FOR ANIMAL DISEASE CONTROL AND US DLRS 85,000 FOR IRRIGATION AND TRAINING. UNDP: THROUGH UNICEF US DLRS 150,000 FOR VACCINATION CAMPAIGN AND NUTRITION TRAINING, AND THROUGH WHO US DLRS 12,000 FOR MEASLES EPIDEMIC CONTROL. UNDP CONTINUING TWO WELL AND BOREHOLE MAINTENANCE PROJECTS. WHO: US DLRS 67,000 FOR CHOLERA AND MENINGITIS CONTROL.

10. UNICEF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE SINCE 1984 HAS REACHED TOTAL VALUE US DLRS TWO MILLION AND NOW FOCUSSING ON NATIONAL VACCINATION CAMPAIGNS IN NOV/DEC. TEAM OF FOUR UN VOLUNTEERS (2 WITH CSA AND 2 WITH MIN. OF HEALTH) EXPECTED TO BE COMPLETE VERY NEAR FUTURE. IBRD ENVISAGING RECOVERY PROGRAMME AND PREPARING FOR CONSULTATIVE GROUP MEETING IN NOVEMBER.

GOVERNMENTS

11. RECENT AGREEMENTS INCLUDE US DLRS 5.2 MILLION PROJECT FOR WELL-DRILLING SPONSORED BY SAUDI ARABIA AND IMPROVEMENT OF WATER SUPPLY TO TIDJIKJA WORTH US DLRS 55,000 SPONSORED BY FRANCE. ITALIAN GOVT ALSO ENVISAGING EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE.

NGOS

12. CATHOLIC RELIEF SERVICES: EMERGENCY FOOD, MEDICINES, SHELTER AGRICULTURAL SUPPLIES, TRANSPORT AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, US DLRS 520,000.

13. LEAGUE OF RED CROSS SOCIETIES: LRCS LAUNCHED ON 7 JUNE NEW APPEAL VALUED AT US DLRS 850,000 FOR EMERGENCY FOOD, TRANSPORT AND WAREHOUSING, TECHNICAL SUPPORT, AND RECOVERY AND PREVENTION PROJECTS THROUGH MAURITANIAN RED CRESCENT.

14. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

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UNDRO 85/1812

MAURITANIA - DROUGHT
UNDRO SITREP NO. 11
16 AUGUST 1985

THE FOLLOWING SITUATION REPORT IS ISSUED IN CONSULTATION WITH THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR EMERGENCY OPERATIONS IN AFRICA (OEOA).

GENERAL SITUATION

1. RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR, ASSISTED BY LOCAL INTERAGENCY GROUP FOR EMERGENCY OPERATIONS (UNDP, UNDRO, UNICEF, WFP, FAO AND WHO), REPORTS SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENT RAINFALL IN MOST REGIONS.

2. IF RAINS CONTINUE, REAPPEARANCE PASTURES WILL ENABLE TRANSHUMANT HERDS RETURN TO REGIONS OF ORIGIN WITH POSITIVE NUTRITIONAL EFFECT FOR POPULATIONS.

3. AGRICULTURAL PROSPECTS IMPROVING. NEVERTHELESS CULTIVATED AREAS REDUCED AND DETERIORATED SUBSEQUENT MASSIVE RURAL POPULATION MOVEMENTS.

4. AUTHORITIES HAVE RESPONDED TO PROMISING SITUATION BY LAUNCHING RETURN TO LAND CAMPAIGN. FAMILIES RETURNING TO THEIR LAND TO GROW CROPS RECEIVE FREE TRANSPORT AND SEEDS, LOAN OF TOOLS, ADDITIONAL FOOD RATIONS AND GUARANTEED PURCHASE OF HARVESTS. VOLUNTARY ENROLMENT THIS PROGRAMME BEGAN 28 JULY.

EMERGENCY OPERATIONS

5. FOOD SECURITY COMMISSARIAT (CSA) HAS BEGUN PRIORITY DISTRIBUTION OF FOODSTUFFS IN PLACES IN DANGER OF BEING CUT OFF AS A RESULT OF RAINS. HOWEVER, ROAD TRANSPORT AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION DISRUPTED AS RESULT OF LOCAL FLOODING.

NEW EMERGENCY NEEDS

6. FOR RETURN TO LAND CAMPAIGN, GOVERNMENT REQUESTS FOLLOWING ASSISTANCE:

(I) GRANTS FOR TRANSPORT COSTS (PETROL)
(II) 6,000 METRIC TONS CEREALS FOR ADDITIONAL RATIONS
(III) ASSISTANCE SUPERVISION/MANAGEMENT (PARTLY ASSURED BY WFP, US/AID AND CARE PERSONNEL ALREADY IN COUNTRY)
(IV) AGRICULTURAL SUPPLIES (NOT YET SPECIFIED, SEED PURCHASE PARTLY FINANCED BY EDF).

SPECIFICATIONS AND QUANTITIES WILL BE COMMUNICATED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

FOOD REQUIREMENTS

7. DONATION 2,500 METRIC TONS RICE AND 2,500 METRIC TONS WHEAT ANNOUNCED BY ITALY.

8. CEREAL DEFICIT CALCULATED BY FAO/WFP FOR PERIOD UNTIL 31 OCT 1985: 1,000 METRIC TONS. HOWEVER, ARRIVAL OF 17,500 METRIC TONS PLANNED THIS PERIOD STILL UNCERTAIN.

9. GOVERNMENT ESTIMATES FOOD NEEDS FOR FREE DISTRIBUTION UNTIL 31 DEC 1985 AT 42,000 METRIC TONS. THESE NEEDS PARTIALLY COVERED BY EXISTING STOCKS SINCE PREVIOUS DISTRIBUTIONS LOWER THAN EXPECTED.

10. CONSEQUENTLY FOOD SUPPLIES ASSURED IN SHORT TERM. HOWEVER, WITHOUT NEW DONOR COMMITMENTS, COUNTRY RISKS SEEING CEREAL STOCKS EXHAUSTED TOWARDS END OF YEAR. CREATION OF END OF YEAR RESERVE (18 PER CENT ANNUAL NEEDS REPRESENTING 50,000 METRIC TONS ACCORDING FAO CRITERIA) THEREFORE TO BE PROVIDED FOR IMMEDIATELY.

11. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

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