The use of Third-Party Monitoring (TMP) allows organizations to monitor projects that are inaccessible to their own staff for various reasons. It also helps provide an independent perspective on project performance. TPM can be used to augment existing monitoring capacities of the commissioning organization and the implementing partners. Additionally, it can be used to monitor projects that are considered to be high risk or contentious.
Implementing TPM carries some risks, including i) the loss of monitoring capacity of the commissioning organization when TPM is used as a substitute for their own monitoring systems; ii) transfer of risks to TPM staff in insecure environments; iii) reputational risk to the commissioning organization itself; and iv) non-acceptance of TPM results by the programme management.
Currently, the exposure of the ICRC to TPM is limited to cases where monitoring is conducted by National Societies, or compliance-focused monitoring in Somalia. Currently, the Yemen EcoSec team is working towards implementing TPM for its projects and a concept paper is being prepared at the time of writing this report.
Implementing TPM involves a series of necessary steps including identification of information and reporting requirements, coverage areas and frequency of monitoring, selection of TPM providers, training and capacity-building, integration with any existing monitoring framework, pilot exercises, validation of findings and utilization of results.