Saltar al contenido principal

COVID-19 Situation update for the WHO African Region, External Situation Report 12 (19 May 2020)

Países
Sudáfrica
+ 51
Fuentes
WHO
Fecha de publicación
Origen
Ver original

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak continues to advance in the WHO African Region since the first case was reported on 25 February 2020 in Algeria. Confirmed cases of COVID-19 have now been recorded in all the 47 Member States in the WHO African Region. While there are variations among countries, the overall numbers of reported cases and deaths have been increasing exponentially in recent weeks and more than half of the countries in the region are experiencing community transmission. There are also increasing incidents of crossborder transmission of COVID-19 between countries in the continent, mainly through long-distance truck drivers and illegal movement through porous borders. Notably, in most countries, the disease is still localized to large urban centres, with most rural communities relatively unaffected.

Since our last situation report on 13 May 2020 (External Situation Report 11), an additional 16 435 confirmed COVID-19 cases (a 34% increase) were reported from 42 countries.During this period, a sharp rise in the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases was observed in nine countries: Mauritania 1538% (from 8 to 131), Central African Republic 90% (from 130 to 411), Uganda 106% (from 126 to 260), Zambia 75% (from 441 to 772), Gabon 74% (from 863 to 1502), Equatorial Guinea 71% (from 522 to 890), Togo 70% (from 199 to 338), Madagascar 70% (from 192 to 326) and South Sudan 62% (from 174 to 282). Similarly, five countries, Namibia, Seychelles, Eritrea, Mauritius and United Republic of Tanzania have reported zero new confirmed COVID-19 cases in the past 44, 42, 32, 22 and 12 days, respectively.

From 13 to 19 May 2020, 339 new deaths (25% increase) were reported from 27 countries: South Africa (106), Algeria (46), Nigeria (34), Chad (16), Cameroon (15), Kenya (14), Mali (13), Sierra Leone (13), Senegal (11), Democratic Republic of the Congo (10), Ghana (9), Niger (8), Côte d'Ivoire (7), Congo (4), Gabon (4), South Sudan (4), Guinea-Bissau (3), Liberia (3), Mauritania (3), Sao Tome and Principe (3), Madagascar (2), Angola (1), Burkina Faso (1), Cabo Verde (1), Equatorial Guinea (1) and Togo (1).

As of 19 May 2020, a cumulative total of 64 388 COVID-19 cases, including 64 091 confirmed and 297 probable cases have been reported across the 47 countries in the region. A total of 1 827 deaths have been reported, giving an overall case fatality ratio (CFR) of 2.8%. The current status in the region represents only 1.4% of confirmed COVID-19 cases and 0.6% of deaths reported worldwide. Table 1 shows the list of affected countries and their respective number of cases and deaths. The daily and weekly distribution of cases by date and week of reporting are presented in Figures 1, 2 and 3, respectively. In the same reporting period, the region recorded its highest daily case count since the beginning of the outbreak, with more than 2 000 new cases reported each day in the past 14 days. Of the 47 countries, 11 have registered a cumulative total of more than 1 000 confirmed COVID19 cases: South Africa (17 200), Algeria (7 377), Nigeria (6 401), Ghana (6 096), Cameroon (3 529), Guinea (2 863), Senegal (2 617), Côte d’Ivoire (2 153), Democratic Republic of the Congo (1 731), Gabon (1 502) and Guinea-Bissau (1 038). Two more countries, Gabon and Guinea-Bissau are the newest to cross the 1 000-case mark. Together, these 11 most-affected countries account for 82% of all reported cases in the region. The highest case load has been observed in the West African region, 40% (24 836, CFR 2.2%), followed by the Southern African region, 27% (17 450, CFR 1.8%), the North African, 8.5% (7 377, CFR7.6%), Central African, 15% (9 331, CFR 3.2%) and East African region, 7% (4 506, CFR 2.4%).

Of the 64 388 confirmed COVID-19 cases reported, 26 075 (41%) have recovered,documented from 46 countries in the region, with 100% of cases in Eritrea (39) and Seychelles (11) recorded as recovered.