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Lebanon: Inter-Agency - Health Sector Chapter - 2020 Update of the Lebanon Crisis Response Plan

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Overall sector strategy

After almost a decade of responding to the health needs of displaced Syrians, vulnerable Lebanese and Palestinian refugees from Syria and Lebanon, and based on lessons learned during the implementation of the Lebanon Crisis Response Plan (LCRP) 2017-2020, the Health sector has committed to align its areas of work with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular SDG31 with focus on universal health coverage.

For 2020, the Health sector theory of change states that if:

• Collaborative and multi-stakeholder analysis of current financing schemes are reinforced, bottlenecks of service delivery models are identified and a joint strategy for primary healthcare in the country is adopted;

• Public-private partnerships, especially in the area of community engagement are strengthened;

• Partnerships with civil society are enabled to reach vulnerable populations;

• Innovation and technology, especially to increase health service coverage and reach marginalized populations are promoted;

• And access to good-quality national data, especially gender-disaggregated data is improved;
Then displaced Syrians, vulnerable Lebanese and Palestinian refugees from Syria and Lebanon will have increased equitable access to quality primary and hospital care, outbreak control will be strengthened, and adolescent and youth health improved.

The LCRP has affirmed that improved access to comprehensive primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare services, improved outbreak and infectious diseases control and improved adolescent and youth health are key to providing the target population with inclusive and equitable access to quality health services through the national health system. While maintaining a direct service delivery component to cover critical needs for vulnerable people, the priority of the Health sector is to shift towards continued investments to strengthen the public health system and enhance institutional resilience to sustain service provision and quality of services. This will ultimately achieve a positive and sustainable impact on health indicators in the long term. Moreover, health programming under the LCRP will aim to be equitably provided and to achieve long term outcomes and impacts, while including the most marginalized groups.

The Health sector will continue to strengthen the health system by carrying out the inter-related health system functions of human resources, finance, governance, information, medical products, vaccines, and data technologies. Because of variations among geographical areas, populations, and facilities, the Health sector ensures that decisions are made at various government levels – national, provincial, district, or regional - to (1) SDG3: “Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages.” encourage greater efficient and homogenous delivery of health services. The sector will work to enhance referral mechanisms and to ensure equitable access to quality healthcare through direct service delivery, in case of life saving critical situations.