Overall sector strategy
The overall objective of the Livelihoods sector strategy is to move from alleviating the socio-economic shock of the Syria crisis on the most vulnerable groups, especially youth and women, towards more longer-term recovery and stabilization, by improving their access to income and employment. The sector aims to do so by supporting the creation and preservation of 3,535 long term jobs (70 percent of which will be maintained and 30 percent created) and 15,000 short-term employment opportunities in 2020, whilst ensuring the respect of decent work conditions. In order to achieve this, multiyear funding is needed to facilitate the transition from humanitarian aid into recovery and stabilization. These investments would also be linked to the overall macroeconomic drivers of the economic and employment situation in the country, such as CEDRE, World Bank investments, USAID programmes and others.
The theory of change underpinning the overall Livelihoods sector strategy is:
• If the sector focuses on bolstering market demand, contributing to the creation of new jobs and incomegenerating opportunities (particularly for youth, women, persons with disabilities, and the most socio-economically vulnerable);
• while working simultaneously with governmental institutions to enable the environment for job creation, reduce the gender gap in the economy1 and enforce decent working conditions;
• then the livelihoods of vulnerable groups will be improved, contributing to alleviating a key source of tensions between Lebanese host communities and displaced Syrians.
To achieve this objective, livelihoods partners are encouraged to a) use a geographical and/or thematic approach to value chains, and b) explore area-based initiatives that aim to develop specific sectors with substantial growth potential, while simultaneously ensuring an integrated multi-dimensional approach.
The strategy focuses on translating national macro-level strategies and studies into actionable policies and plans at micro and field level. This will be done with the support of the Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA) and the Ministry of Economy and Trade (MoET) and by identifying the best sectors for interventions and investments at the local level in nano, micro and small enterprises as well as additional market analysis needed to re-address the response. Moreover, cooperatives will be encouraged to focus on inter-sectorial coordination within value chains, stimulate and scale up quantity and quality of local productions to replace imports, while also exploring international markets, hence contributing to economic development. These improvements would allow partners to have a more market-driven approach when addressing the creation and maintenance of jobs for both women and men in the Lebanese labour force at large and for displaced Syrians, Palestinian refugees, and other nationalities in the productive sectors, in accordance with the Government of Lebanon’s regulations.
The Livelihoods sector strategy aims to link all livelihoods interventions, such as vocational training, financial and business development support and labourintensive activities to the development of value chains and to complement area-based approach initiatives.
Concurrently, targeted interventions in vulnerable and high-tension areas, while ensuring dialogue alongside consultations around livelihoods programming, will also contribute functionally in reducing economic disparity and social tensions between different community groups.