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Country Report: Immigration Detention in the Netherlands: Prioritising Returns in Europe and the Caribbean

Antilles néerlandaises (Pays-Bas)
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Key findings

  • Increasing numbers of non-citizens are being placed in detention.

  • People applying for asylum at the border are systematically placed in "border detention." - The country’s Caribbean territories—Aruba and Curaçao—have ramped up their removal efforts in recent years as thousands of Venezuelans have sought refuge on the islands.

  • No vulnerable persons are automatically exempt from detention, and individual vulnerability assessments are not conducted.

  • Observers have noted that re-detention is frequent, and that non-citizens are often detained cumulatively for periods exceeding the maximum 18-month detention period.

  • "Territorial detention" is regulated by the same legislation that applies to penitentiary detention. This, however, is set to change with the introduction of the new Return and Detention Act.

  • The provision of security at detention centres is outsourced to private companies.

Read the full report online