Increasing numbers of non-citizens are being placed in detention.
People applying for asylum at the border are systematically placed in "border detention." - The country’s Caribbean territories—Aruba and Curaçao—have ramped up their removal efforts in recent years as thousands of Venezuelans have sought refuge on the islands.
No vulnerable persons are automatically exempt from detention, and individual vulnerability assessments are not conducted.
Observers have noted that re-detention is frequent, and that non-citizens are often detained cumulatively for periods exceeding the maximum 18-month detention period.
"Territorial detention" is regulated by the same legislation that applies to penitentiary detention. This, however, is set to change with the introduction of the new Return and Detention Act.
The provision of security at detention centres is outsourced to private companies.