The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a tool to track the displacement and mobility of populations and gain a better understanding of their needs and vulnerabilities. The aim of DTM is to capture and analyse data on the movements of populations during times of crisis and to disseminate this data to authorities and the humanitarian community. In addition to being systematically deployed during humanitarian emergencies, DTM is also an effective tool in crises preparedness and during the transition and reintegration phases. DTM provides accurate information to humanitarian clusters and other actors involved in the humanitarian response. It also contributes to coordination and service provision activities. Finally, it enables governments to deploy data collection and analysis methods and tools that have been tested during previous crises.
This report gives an overview of the return situation in Logone Oriental and Moyen-Chari provinces in the south of Chad, where Chadian nationals arrived as a result of the crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR). This crisis, which started in 2013 and has led to a major political crisis, a civil war and a wider conflict involving dozens of armed groups, has generated massive displacements to Chad. In addition to Central Africans, many Chadian nationals were forced to flee CAR and take refuge in Chad. As most of them have been living in CAR for many years, even generations, they no longer have any ties to Chad. Thus, most returnees are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). The term “returnee” is only understood in terms of their Chadian nationality, and the so-called “return localities” are often not places of origin but the localities where they sought refuge after fleeing CAR.
The information provided in this report was collected in 88 return localities, from 286 key informants, between 9 October and 13 November 2019.
DTM identified 77,650 returnees in Logone Oriental (33,817 individuals) and Moyen-Chari (43,833 individuals) provinces.
88 return localities were assessed during round 2, including 17 sites, 70 host communities and 1 collective centre.
The returnee population is 47% male and 53% female.
The average size of returnee households is 7 individuals per household.
64% of the identified returnee population are minors between 0 and 17 years old. 5% of returnees are aged 60 or older.
61% of the identified returnees live in sites, while 39% live in host communities and less than 1% live in a collective centre.