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Burkina Faso: UNHCR Operational Update, December 2019

Burkina Faso
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Estimation of number of Burkinabe citizens who have looked for safety in neighboring countries
Number of birth certificates UNHCR helped to deliver to IDPs and host communities in 2019
people forced to flee their homes to find safety elsewhere in Burkina Faso

Operational Context

1.**Malian refugees**: In 2012, conflict broke out in northern Mali. Today, over 25,000 Malians have found refuge in Burkina Faso and are biometrically registered by UNHCR. The Sahel region, bordering Mali and Niger, hosts 98% of Malian refugees and is affected by insecurity and violence. Asylum-seekers from Mali have continued to enter the Boucle du Mouhoun and Nord regions and live mainly in spontaneous sites or with the local host population.
2. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): Attacks and clashes between Burkinabe security forces and non- identified armed groups have grown in intensity, causing casualties on both sides. The civilian population is increasingly targeted, causing more people to flee with the number of IDPs recorded at over 560,000 on 9 December 2019.
3. Mixed Migratory Movements: Burkina Faso is a transit country of mixed migratory movements northwards. These migratory flows are mixed and consist of economic migrants, as well as persons in need of international protection.
4. Statelessness: Burkina Faso hosts a large number of stateless people or people at risk of statelessness, especially in the Sahel. According to a UNHCR study, 30% of people living in the Sahel are without a nationality in a situation, which leaves them struggling to realize their fundamental human rights and to access to basic services most people take for granted.