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FNSWG Southern Africa: Seasonal Outlook - Bulletin 1 | December 2019

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• Latest assessment figures continue to indicate that an estimated total of 41 million people will be food insecure in the southern Africa region during the peak lean season (January - March 2020)(Figure 1, Table 1). In addition, 2.2. million are estimated to be food insecure in the urban areas of Zimbabwe.

• According to the “Joint Call for Action to Address the Impacts of Climate Change and a Deepening Humanitarian Crisis in Southern Africa,” the number of food insecure people in Tier 1 countries is 11 million and account for 27% of the total figure. The figure for Tier 2 countries is 2 million and accounts for 5% of the total. The tiers are based on severity and impact of drought in each country.

• The severity of the situation is largely a consequence of cumulative effects of recurrent droughts in the region as well as sudden onset emergencies experienced last year (Figure 7 and 8). Macroeconomic challenges increasingly felt in the region have compounded and magnified the food insecurity situation in the region.

• It is estimated that in the region, 7.3 million children* under 5 years of age are wasted. Available data shows an increase in GAM in parts of Zambia and Zimbabwe, and increased admissions for SAM in Angola and Zimbabwe.

• Cases of acute malnutrition are expected to increase until March 2020. UNICEF and World Vision are currently conducting 2 SMART surveys in Angola in the southern districts and SMART surveys are also planned for January in Zambia. World Vision is also conducting a livelihood assessment in Angola.

• Immediate assistance is needed to prevent significant deterioration in food security and nutrition outcomes in the 2019/20 season, and to reverse the growing trend of humanitarian needs.