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Philippines: Mindanao Earthquakes Revised Emergency appeal n° MDRPH036 (19 December 2019)

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This Emergency Appeal is revised to seek a total of 2,700,000 Swiss francs (CHF) (revised from CHF 1,850,000) to enable the IFRC to support the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) to deliver assistance and support to some 40,500 people for 14 months, with a focus on shelter, livelihoods, health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), protection, gender and inclusion (PGI), migration and disaster preparedness, through strengthening the National Society, ensuring effective international disaster management, influencing others as a leading strategic partner, and ensuring an effective IFRC.
The planned response reflects the scaling up of the operation into other operational areas in Mindanao following the 6.9 magnitude earthquake happened on 15 December 2019. The plan is based on the current situation and information available at this time of the evolving operation and will be adjusted based on further developments and more detailed assessments.

On 29 October 2019, a series of strong earthquakes struck Tulunan in the province of North Cotabato, Mindanao. The first magnitude 6.6 and 7 km deep earthquake was recorded at around 9:04am in Tulunan by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). The second significant Magnitude 6.1 and 9 km deep earthquake shook the North Cotabato Province at 10:42 with almost the same epicenter. Just two days after, on 31 October 2019 at 9:15 am, another tectonic 1magnitude 6.5 earthquake shook central and eastern Mindanao at a shallow depth of two kilometres.

Once again, the epicenter was identified in Tulunan, North Cotabato. A State of calamity2 was declared for Davao del Sur on 30 October and Cotabato on 5 November, the two-hardest-it provinces. These earthquakes, as well as the magnitude 6.3 earthquake recorded on 16 October 2019, with the same epicenter location, are considered part of a sequence of events resulting from interdependent faults in the region. No Tsunami warnings were issued but many aftershocks, ranging from magnitude 1.5 to 5.5 have since been recorded.