Caribbean Sub-Region Refugees & Migrants Response Plan:
Summary Figures In recent years, five countries in the Caribbean have been hosting growing numbers of refugees and migrants from Venezuela: Aruba, Curaçao, the Dominican Republic, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. As of September 2019, it is estimated that around 100,000 refugees and migrants arrived by air, land and sea to the Caribbean sub-region.
Caribbean countries have adopted diverse approaches to respond to the influx of refugees and migrants from Venezuela as a result of their different geography, linguistic, legal and socioeconomic backgrounds. Considering the small size or limited absorption capacity of the concerned countries, the increasing number of refugees and migrants from Venezuela has had an impact on host communities, especially vulnerable local communities that had already limited resources.
Concerns over growing number of Venezuelans arriving in the Caribbean sub-region have led some countries to introduce restrictions for Venezuelans to access their territories, including visa requirements and temporary closure of borders. The deteriorating situation in Venezuela has also led to significant numbers of Guyanese and Guyanese descendants to return to Guyana from Venezuela. Through the 2019 and 2020 Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP), partners have identified the priority needs for refugees and migrants as well as host communities. These are: protection, addressing gender-based violence (GBV), shelter, access to food, adequate nutrition and health care, including psycho-social support, as well as the provision of livelihoods and self-reliance opportunities.