Harvest of Primera (main season) maize and beans completed in September across Central America.
While national production was generally average across the region, with exception of Honduras, due to an increase in area planted, final yields were reduced due to irregular weather conditions during the start of the season including high temperatures, below-average and irregular rainfall, and extended dry spells, which resulted in severe soil moisture deficits.
In particular, subsistence and some larger-scale farmers along the Dry Corridor of Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua without access to irrigation systems or riverine areas experienced significant crop losses ranging from 50 to 75 percent.
This is the second consecutive year of poor and failure Primera season harvests across the Dry Corridor, after the severe drought of 2018, and food security is of increasing concern for subsistence farmers.
Postrera (second maize season) planting, was delayed in some regions with rainfall deficits during late-August and was resumed in mid-September with increased rainfall amounts.