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UNHCR Nigeria Situation Regional Update (01-31 August 2019)

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273,357 Nigerian refugees in Cameroon, Chad and Niger due to violence. Figure as of 31 August 2019

2,770,636 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria due to violence. Figure as of 31 August 2019

FUNDING - USD 136.5 M requested for the Nigeria situation (Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria, including support costs)


  • In North-East Nigeria, the general security situation remains largely volatile and prone to rapid deterioration, largely due to the recent changes: The withdrawal of security forces in immediate positions left many communities vulnerable and raised the risk level on road travel. This change correlates with an upsurge in Non-State Armed Groups (NSAG) attacks, which have caused fresh displacement.

  • On 18 August, NSAG attacked the Mobile Police Post attached to the Humanitarian Hub in Banki town (Borno State), injuring five humanitarian workers. A similar incident occurred inside the Banki IDP camp, where NSAG reportedly attacked female IDPs. On 21 August, NSAG attacked the police station in Gubio town, before setting ablaze the residence of the Gubio Local Government Area (LGA) Chairman. The insurgents were reported to have also burnt down the administrative office of Magumeri LGA, a medical clinic, several vehicles, houses and the facilities of a telecom company in the town. No casualty was reported.

  • NSAG are targeting UN structures and assets. While the reasons for the attacks remain unknown, previous experiences suggest that it could be an attempt to gather supplies and/or abduct humanitarian personnel for ransom. Risks associated with ambushes, collateral damage, abductions of staff and persons of concern are likely to continue in the short to medium term.

  • In addition, the deteriorating security situation in the States of Sokoto and Zamfara in Nigeria has led to the displacement of tens of thousands of people to Niger, in the Maradi region.

  • The security situation in Cameroon's Far North region remains precarious with a number of security incidents in Mayo Sava, Logone and Chari divisions during the third week of August.

  • A grenade explosion in a household in the locality of Mafoulsso killed two children and left the mother severely injured. On 20 August, a commercial transport vehicle was ambushed by suspected Boko Haram members, who kidnapped seven of the occupants.

  • On 14 August, a female suicide bomber killed seven people and wounded two others in Kaiga Kindjiria, in Chad, in the Haussa district (district that mainly hosts refugee populations).

  • In the Diffa region of Niger, there has been an increase in the number of kidnappings. Three individuals were kidnapped on 25 – 26 August in Toumour. In addition, two IDPs were kidnapped by Boko Haram elements near Toumour and one returnee killed. Three women were kidnapped near Bagué during the last week of August.