Despite the end of the decades long conflict in Sri Lanka, weak economic growth and inequalities throughout those years combined with risks of flooding in some areas, and droughts in others threaten a significant number of vulnerable communities throughout Sri Lanka. Exposure to tropical storms during the first quarter of every year and during the monsoon season, as well as heavy rainfall from the Bay of Bengal, contribute to the risk of landslides, overflowing riverbanks and occasional tidal surges. It is therefore no surprise that before tsunami struck Sri Lanka in December of 2004, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies has since supported the Sri Lankan Red Cross Society (SLRCS) with programmes in disaster management, health and care, organizational development and humanitarian values, in line with core programme areas highlighted in Strategy 2010 as well as Global Agenda Goals.
Following the tsunami, a massive relief operation was launched, continuing support to four core programmes, but focusing priorities on the huge task of restoring the lives of the tsunamiaffected population. Significant construction of houses and infrastructure combined with water and sanitation as well as livelihoods components have been the largest part of the tsunami plan of action. Almost five years after the tsunami, the recovery operation is coming to a close. The International Federation is therefore refocusing its support and resources towards the core programme areas in support of the SLRCS' recently completed five-year development plan ( and as part of the transition to regular programming based on its exit strategy. Core programme areas have continued to be part of the Tsunami Plan of Action up to 2009, but as activities related to construction come to a close, this 2010-2011 plan highlights those areas that the International Federation will continue to support as prioritized by the SLRCS.
The National Society has been arduously working to complete its five-year strategic plan and after many consultations with Red Cross Red Crescent Movement partners and with International Federation guidance, it was completed and presented in 2009. The priorities set out in the five-year development plan were presented to both International Federation country and zone delegations as well as interested partner national societies through a partnership meeting held at the Asia Pacific zone office. Taking into consideration the improved capacity of the national society as a result of the implementation of the tsunami operation, it is expected that a significant number of people in Sri Lanka will benefit from the programmes in the four core areas throughout these two years.
The five-year development plan seeks CHF 96 million for the implementation of the plan throughout 2009-2013. The International Federation will then support those areas that SLRCS has prioritized for 2010 and 2011, which are also in line with the tsunami plan of action. In terms of disaster management and organizational development, the components of the early warning and branch building projects (these are ongoing projects) will remain under the tsunami plan of action. Because it continues to be in place until end of 2010, the current running costs of the office will continue to be under that emergency appeal.
The total budget for only the core programme areas of the International Federation to support the five-year development plan is CHF 2,541,268 (USD 2.46 million or EUR 1.67 million) for 2010, and CHF 2,119,658 (USD 2.05 million or EUR 1.39 million) for 2011.