How Severe, How Many and When – In August 2019, an estimated 6.35 million people (54% of the population) are classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, among whom an estimated 1.7 million people are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity and 10,000 people are in Catastrophe (IPC phase 5). Compared to the same period in 2018, there is a slight reduction in the proportion of people facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity by an estimated 5%. However, high levels of acute food insecurity still persist in the country. In both periods, these estimates are in the presence of humanitarian food assistance. In the projection period of September to December 2019, the food security situation is expected to improve as seasonal harvests become available. During this period, an estimated 4.54 million people (39% of the population) will likely face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food. In the post-harvest period of January to April 2020, the food security situation will deteriorate as household food stocks start depleting and an estimated 5.5 million people (47% of the total population) are likely face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity. The projection analyses have both factored in the presence of likely humanitarian food assistance
Where – In August 2019, Yirol East of former Lakes State has an estimated 10,000 people in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). Former Jonglei State has the highest number of people estimated to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, with 1.25 million people, followed by former Upper Nile State with 845,000 people. 28 counties are classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity in August 2019. In the projection period of September to December 2019, Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity is expected to persist in the four counties of Duk county in former Jonglei State, and Longochuk, Maiwut and Ulang counties in former Upper Nile State. Between January and April 2020, 14 counties are projected to be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity. Former Jonglei State is expected to have the highest number of people estimated to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity at 1.18 million, followed by former Upper Nile State, with 765,000.
Why – The slight improvement in the food security situation in 2019 lean season compared to the same period in 2018 is attributed to reduced insecurity after the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan in September 2018, which has led to better access to livelihoods and markets. Additionally, humanitarian access has improved during this period, further contributing to the increased access to food, nutrition and livelihood support, as well as service delivery. However, acute food insecurity persists, driven by localized conficts, climatic shocks, pests and di