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FEWS Chad Food Security Outlook Jul through Dec 2009

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- There were reports of localized rainfall in the Sudanian zone in May and June. These early rains helped get planting and weeding activities underway and helped promote new vegetative growth in localized areas of southern Chad. They also helped get different types of land preparation work started in areas with rainfall activity.

- Right now, most parts of the country are only moderately food–insecure thanks to carry–over food availability from previous harvests, normal domestic and cross–border trade flows, and relatively effective household strategies for improving their food access. Prices for major local food crops are still running high compared with the five–year average (2003/04 – 2007/08). Stubborn civil security problems in the eastern and southern parts of the country, average to mediocre pasture availability, and the after–effects of flooding problems have residents of parts of Kanem, West Batha, Moyen Chari, and Mayo Kebbi facing relatively high levels of food insecurity.

- However, the ACMAD (African Center of Meteorological Applications for Development) forecast for the 2009/10 growing season is for below–normal rainfall (for July, August, and September) in the country's Sahelian zone and nearnormal cumulative rainfall in the Sudanian zone. A smooth flow of counterbalancing trade between these two areas between October and December could help make the South generally food–secure and keep food insecurity levels in structurally deficit and conflict areas in the moderate range.