By Nick Becker
In order to support the humanitarian response following Cyclone Idai in Mozambique, Malawi, and Zimbabwe, GeoPoll has deployed a remote, SMS-based survey to the regions hardest hit in Mozambique to gather on-the-ground data on infrastructure damages, food security, and the aid needed most by communities. While much of the region remains without power and mobile signal is not always reliable, every person we reach provides valuable feedback for the humanitarian community as they assess the situation and work to deliver aid to those who need it.
Data From Mozambique On Destruction And Aid Needed Following Cyclone Idai
GeoPoll’s initial data, which is represented in an interactive dashboard below, was collected on March 21st from Sofala, Inhambane, Manica, and Zambezia provinces in Mozambique. GeoPoll was able to reach 700 respondents over the age of 18, all of whom were impacted by cyclone Idai, and who represent households of over 4,700 total individuals. The survey was conducted in Portuguese.
Out of the 700 respondents, 206 are located in Sofala province, which was directly hit by the cyclone, and 185 respondents were from Beira, a coastal city of 500,000 which has been devastated by flooding following the cyclone. The data represents those we have been able to reach so far via mobile phone, and does not provide a complete picture of the situation, but does give valuable insights on the level of destruction across the region. Highlights from the data include:
- 78% in Sofala do not have access to clean drinking water
- 78% in Sofala do not have access to electricity
- 85% total say they had damages to their home, with 39% characterizing damages as major – in Sofala, 90% had damages, with 56% saying they are major damages
- Just 19% overall and 12% in Sofala have received aid since the cyclone
- Of those who have received aid, 60% received food aid, 21% shelter, 20% clean water, 7% electrical connection and 4% cash
- Aid most needed is quite split with 32% saying food is most needed, followed by shelter at 18% and cash at 16%. In Sofala they say food aid is needed more, at 40%, followed by clean water at 19% and cash and shelter both at 13%
- In terms of food security, 75% report they have eaten fewer meals on 3 or more days in the past week. In Sofala 77% have eaten fewer meals on 3 or more days, and 10% have eaten fewer meals on 7 of the past 7 days.
Open-ended responses on the damage to people’s homes provide further details into the individual’s situations and include the following statements:
- “Lost almost all goods including home”
- “The living room wall and ceiling fell left, farm buildings flooded and destroyed the vegetables.”
- “Fallen ceiling, I lost my chickens, duck and my goats”
- “My house is destroyed, my bovine cattle dead, I had 4 heads and a machine”
- “In my house I lost 3 windows and the roof cover made of zinc sheets were all ruined”
- “The house has been removed almost all sheets, and one of the bedrooms collapsed, the land is totally flooded, and my small farm was devastated by the wind”
- “All the sheets went out of the house, one of the walls of the house went down, several fallen trees and practically wet all the food we had.”
- “House is destroyed, homeless, we had little food, wet with rain”
- “Still homeless, rice in the farm rotted because of the excess”
- “All destroyed, no place to stay, inside full of water”
- “Destruction, everything is lost”