82.3 M Total population
2 M People in need
1 M Refugees mostly from Afghanistan, up to 2 million Afghans are estimated to be undocumented
365,000 People in Emergency Shelter
25M Funding requirements
10 M (%12 of total population) People affected
25 of 31 Provinces affected
This flood response plan presents a brief overview of the impact of heavy rains and flooding from mid-March to April 2019 and the objectives and strategic direction for the response by the United Nations and partners. The plan has been prepared in coordination with authorities. The flood response plan amounts to US25$ million covering emergency and early recovery needs of 115,000 highly vulnerable people in the most hard-hit provinces Golestan, Khuzestan, Ilam and Lorestan. The plan aims to provide emergency response to the most vulnerable people affected by floods to save lives and promote livelihoods, resilience and well-being, and restore basic services. In the emergency phase, the UN and partners will provide life-saving assistance in water, sanitation and hygiene; health; shelter; protection; and education sectors. In the early recovery phase lasting between three to six months, the UN and partners will provide support in primary health care, access to shelter, essential repairs of water infrastructure, schools and help restore basic services. While the focus of the plan is on the most severely affected provinces Golestan, Khuzestan, Ilam and Lorestan, there are other heavily affected provinces where agencies may intervene to ensure the most vulnerable people receive assistance.1 Generous and speedy contributions to this plan will enable UN agencies and partners to respond to urgent needs of the targeted most vulnerable people
Heavy rains, flooding and landslides in March and April 2019 have caused loss of lives, displacement and extensive destruction in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Twenty-five of 31 provinces have been affected with Golestan, Khuzestan, Ilam and Lorestan most heavily hit. Iranian authorities and the UN conducted joint field missions in early April to the three most affected provinces Golestan, Lorestan and Ilam. A joint team also assessed impact and needs in Lorestan and Khuzestan. The Government of Iran, through its National Disaster Management Organization (NDMO) and relevant line-ministries, have gathered information on flood affected areas.
More than 10 million people have been affected, including one million refugees and other foreigners, and an estimated 2 million people need humanitarian assistance. At least 78 people have lost their lives and about 1,140 people have been injured, according to authorities. It is estimated that about 365,000 people have been displaced because of the flooding. By mid-April, over 270,000 people were living in emergency or temporary shelters and collective centres. Many people were also sheltering with friends and relatives. Of the 2 million people in need of immediate assistance, about 500,000 are women of reproductive age who have specific health needs.; this includes an estimated 7,125 women who are currently pregnant.
The rainfall from late December last year to early April saw a 44 per cent increase compared to the average precipitation during the last 50 years, according to the Iranian Ministry of Energy. The destruction of infrastructure, private and public property is extensive and widespread; about 65,000 houses have reportedly been destroyed and over 114,000 have been damaged. About 14,000 kilometres of roads, 700 bridges and around 1 million hectares of farmland have been affected based on authorities’ assessments. The most visible devastation is reported to be in agricultural fields outside urban areas.
Water supply and sewer systems in affected areas have been hard hit. The floods have also destroyed health facilities and disrupted health service delivery; 53 health centres and 17 hospitals are either fully or partially damaged. About 160 schools have been destroyed and 1,086 damaged. More than 170,000 students need some form of emergency assistance to continue their schooling in the coming months.
While information on humanitarian needs remains incomplete, the most pressing needs are reported to be in water, sanitation and hygiene, health, shelter, agriculture and livelihoods and protection. With high-levels of displacement and the disruption of social services and break-down of support networks following the flooding, women, girls and other vulnerable groups have increased protection and psychosocial needs. The scale of destruction in the agricultural sector and livelihoods is significant while damages to residential houses, roads, and hospitals are moderate in comparison. The initial estimate by authorities is that the cost of damages is about 4.1$ billion, including 1.5$ billion for the agriculture sector, which significantly impact on people’s livelihoods. Crops that were to be harvested have been damaged in the most affected provinces.