IOM works with national and local authorities to gain a better understanding of population movements throughout West and Central Africa. Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) allow IOM to quantify and qualify migration flows, trends, and routes, at entry, exit, and transit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centres). Since July 2016, several flow monitoring points have been progressively set up in important locations in Mali, such as Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal, Menaka, Mopti, Kayes, Segou, Sikasso, and Bamako, to monitor the daily movements of migrants heading to West and North African countries.
In March 2019, the average daily number of individuals observed at the Flow Monitoring Points decreased by 4 per cent compared to the previous month.
Nationals from Mali, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria and Senegal accounted for 74 per cent of all the migrants recorded at the flow monitoring points.
Algeria, Mauritania, Burkina Faso and Niger are major transit countries for migrants after their stopover in Mali.
Economic migration, including but not limited to long-term migration of more than 6 months (93% of flows) and seasonal migration (6% of flows), is the main observed type of movement