2018 IN REVIEW
This Annual Report presents information on the achievements of the Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund during the 2018 calendar year. However, because grant allocation, project implementation and reporting processes often take place over multiple years (CBPFs are designed to support ongoing and evolving humanitarian responses), the achievement of CBPFs are reported in two distinct ways:
Information on allocations for granted in 2018 (shown in blue). This method considers intended impact of the allocations rather than achieved results as project implementation and reporting often continues into the subsequent year and results information is not immediately available at the time of publication of annual reports.
Results reported in 2018 attributed to allocations granted in 2018 and prior years (shown in orange). This method provides a more complete picture of achievements during a given calendar year but includes results from allocations that were granted in previous years. This data is extracted from final narrative reports approved between 1 January 2018 – 31 January 2019.
Figures for people targeted and reached may include double counting as individuals often receive aid from multiple cluster/sectors.
Contribution recorded based on the exchange rate when the cash was received which may differ from the Certified Statement of Accounts that records contributions based on the exchange rate at the time of the pledge.
Humanitarian situation in 2018
The humanitarian context in Ethiopia continues to evolve, characterised by both natural and man-made disasters – primarily protracted drought impact, flooding and conflict. These disasters are major drivers of displacement for large numbers of people, resulting in loss of human life and assets, disruption of livelihoods and damage to basic services and infrastructure. While Ethiopia continues to recover from years of back-to-back drought impact, additional humanitarian needs arose due to spikes in inter-communal conflict-induced displacements since April 2018. As of the end of the year, nearly 8 million people required multi-sector humanitarian assistance. Similar levels of needs are identified for 2019 by the national needs assessment conducted in November/December 2018.
In 2018, Ethiopia saw a dramatic increase in intercommunal conflict, which led to a near doubling of the internally displaced population in the country to at least 3 million by the end of the year. One of the largest conflict incident occurred in April 2018 between the Gedeo (Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s (SNNP)) and Guji (Oromia) communities. At its peak, this conflict displaced nearly 1 million people. The scale and frequency of similar communal conflicts expanded since April, including in Jijiga and surrounding in August, Benishangul Gumuz-Oromia border in September 2018 and Amhara region since November 2018. Parts of Oromia-Somali, as well as Afar-Oromia regional boundaries remain volatile.
The majority of IDPs continue to live with host communities, many of whom were already vulnerable predisplacement. The remaining IDPs are living in overcrowded, sub-standard collective centres. The lack of adequate shelter, NFIs and basic health services increases their vulnerability to disease outbreaks as well as protection risks.
Drought and floods
The belg/spring (mid-February-May) rains generally performed well in most parts of the country in 2018, and the harvest is projected to be near average according to FEWS NET food security outlook (October 2018-May 2019). In a normal year, this would have led to a reduction in the number of relief food beneficiaries during the second half of the year. Despite favourable rains however, the pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities who suffered two previous consecutive years of severe droughts and who have lost productive assets, will continue to need humanitarian assistance and recovery support.
Significant numbers of people fled devastating floods in March/April 2018 which affected various parts of the country. DTM round 14 estimates that 500,000 people were displaced affected as a result of drought and floods.
Health and Nutrition
Despite productive seasonal rains in much of the country in 2018, assessment findings suggest that the scale and locations affected by high food insecurity remain unchanged with 215 priority one, 134 priority two and 96 priority three woredas/districts identified. This is almost half the country. In Somali region in particular, where significant loss of assets and livestock were experienced due to severe droughts in 2016/2017/18, affected communities have not been able to recover their assets or their health and nutrition status. The political instability in parts of the country also disrupted basic services, including health and nutrition, causing significant turnover of trained Government staff and the temporary withdrawal of Implementing Partners (IPs). While systems have resumed in some locations, the response has suffered a considerable set back amidst high malnutrition and food insecurity situation.
Additionally, protection risks and hygiene and sanitation issues are still rife in displacement areas, posing serious health outbreak risks, including Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD). At least 3,019 AWD cases were reported in 2018. While there has been a drastic reduction in the number of AWD cases being reported nationwide, the outbreak is still active in parts of the country.
Humanitarian Response Plan
- 7.95M People targeted (Food)
- 9.45M People targeted (Non-Food)
- $1.493 B Funding requirement