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UNICEF Cameroon Humanitarian Situation Report, February 2019

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• In the North West and South West regions, more than 131,000 people have received UNICEF’s assistance since August 2018.

• Following their displacement to Goura in February 2018, (Far North region), approximately 23,175 Nigerian asylum-seekers received soap or WASH kits and were sensitised on good hygiene practice.

• Cholera epidemic that emerged in mid-May has come to an end in Cameroon after vigorous efforts put by national and humanitarian actors including UNICEF.

Situation in Numbers

# of children in need of humanitarian assistance
# of people in need
(Cameroon Humanitarian Needs Overview 2019)
Displacement 444,213
# of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the North West and South West regions.
(January 2019)
245,725 #of IDPs in the Far North region
(Displacement Tracking Matrix 16, November 2018)
392,027 # of IDPs, Returnees and Out-of-Camp Refugees in the Far North region
(Displacement Tracking Matrix 16, November 2018)
101,762 # of Nigerian Refugees in rural areas
(UNHCR Cameroon Fact Sheet, February 2019)

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

In the Far North region, UNICEF conducted a needs assessment for Nigerian asylum-seeking children on 4 February. The needs assessment took place in Goura (Logone and Chari division) to evaluate needs in WASH, Health, Nutrition, Education and Child Protection. UNICEF has distributed 18,750 WASH kits (each containing 1 soap, 2 buckets, 1 kettle, 2 cups and 1 children’s pot) and 4,425 soaps to approximately 23, 175 people in Goura. According to UNHCR, 40,386 Nigerian asylum-seekers fled from Rann to Logone and Chari division (Far North region) in Cameroon. By the end of February, an estimated 30,000 refugees have returned to Rann in Nigeria (OCHA Nigeria Flash Update N0.2, February 2019).

In the North West and South West regions, Ambazonian leaders announced 10-days lockdown from 4-14 February. This period of lockdown heavily affected implementation of UNICEF programmes as most activities were put on hold due to the restricted personnel and logistics movements. As a result, there are limited results reported for the month of February across all programmes. As of February 2019, UNICEF has reached 131,362 people, including those living in hard-to-reach areas. Despite the strong access constraints, UNICEF has been able to provide them with assistance in WASH, Health, Child Protection and Communication for Development.

The cholera outbreak which was prevalent especially In the North and Far North regions has calmed down. According to the Ministry of Health, there is no health district with the cholera epidemic as of February.