A) Introduction/Humanitarian situation
The UN Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) has launched this standard allocation for US $4.5 million in order to support the implementation of the Jordan Response Plan (JRP) by releasing resources to partners and to respond to urgent and funding gaps in Jordan.
As this standard allocation is coming directly on the back of the JRP, activities supported must be within the agreed ‘humanitarian parameters’ of people recently affected (mainly Syrian refugees by the Syrian crisis, and reflect priority activities outlined in the sector-specific sections. This strategy paper draws upon sector -led exercises recently completed to identify the most urgent priorities and gaps in assistance within their sectors and as articulated in the sector defense presentations.
From a humanitarian perspective, and in recognition of the human tragedy unfolding within Syria, the Government of Jordan has welcomed Syrians seeking refuge, protection, and safety from the conflict.
Within that same humanitarian spirit, the government and the people of Jordan have extended public services, facilities, resources and hospitality in an attempt to accommodate the most pressing needs of the Syrian refugees. Since the onset of the conflict in Syria, over a million Syrians have fled to Jordan.
Since 2011, Jordan alone has provided refuge to more than 1.3 million Syrians, including 671,148 registered refugees, who face increasing vulnerability as their savings, assets and resources are long exhausted. Around 126,000 of these refugees live in camps, while the remaining have settled in urban and rural areas, primarily in northern governorates and in Amman. The Syria crisis has and is still adding strain on the country’s economy and infrastructure and has put pressure on all sectors including education, health, housing, water, municipal services and electricity supply. Jordanians feel acutely the impact of the crisis on their daily lives, particularly in host communities where the share of Syrian refugees, and its pressure on local service delivery, natural resources and the labor market, is highest. Although the impact of reforms related to stimulating private-sector investments and higher1 .
Jordan has received a large share of Syrian refugees and addressing the needs of Syrian refugees has placed considerable strain on national resources and has impacted on the development gains of the last decade. Currently 671,148 Syrians continue to seek refuge in Jordan as registered refugees and overall an estimated total of 1.3 million Syrians now account for 10 per cent of Jordan’s population.
According to UNHCR’s statistics over 80 per cent of the registered refugees live in urban and rural communities across the country, with less than 20% residing in camps.
With the Syria crisis now entering its ninth year, Jordan is faced with multiple economic challenges as it struggles to meet the continued needs of refugees in the Kingdom as well as address the needs of vulnerable Jordanians. This places critical pressure on the country’s social, economic, institutional and natural resources with increased competition for access to public utilities, schooling, health services, and employment opportunities placing Jordan in a fragile situation.