This response plan targets 3.4 million people – or 81 per cent of the 4.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. Targeting the most vulnerable women, men and children in Somalia with urgent life-saving in all 18 regions of Somalia, the HRP places protection at the center of the response. Humanitarian partners will ensure that acute needs are met while reaching out to development and resilience actors to facilitate synergies and complementary action and ultimately reduce humanitarian needs. $1.08bn is required to implement the strategy and to save lives in Somalia.
This plan is based on the humanitarian needs as of November 2018 and will be adjusted as required The HRP, and the financial requirements for its implementation, are based on the needs as identified in the 2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO). Needs related to future climatic shocks, including possible poor rainy seasons, new or escalating armed conflict, or epidemic outbreaks are not considered in this strategy. The HRP and its financial requirements will be adjusted in response to new shocks and the consequent changes in humanitarian needs.
This plan targets 3.4 million people - 81 per cent of 4.2 million people in need The number of people targeted in the HRP is determined taking into consideration available response capacity, insecurity in large parts of Somalia and the consequent access constraints. Considering these planning assumptions, the response targets 3.4 million people (including 2 million children) or 81 per cent of the 4.2 million people in need. The 4.2 million people include 2.6 million IDPs (of whom 79 per cent are targeted); 39,000 refugees and asylum-seekers (100 per cent targeted); 41,500 refugee returnees (of whom 100 per cent are targeted) and 1.5 million host communities (of whom 93 per cent are targeted).
A more focused humanitarian response plan requires an enhanced synergy with and commitment by Development and Resilience actors
For the present HRP, the humanitarian community in Somalia has decided to apply a more focused definition of humanitarian needs, based on specific vulnerability criteria. The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) has also agreed to revise the methodology to calculate the total number of people in need (PiN) of humanitarian assistance for 2019, which has led to a 32 per cent reduction in the overall PiN - from 6.2 million people in 2018 to 4.2 million in 2019 - and a 37 per cent reduction in the number of people targeted in the 2019 HRP. Consequently, the funding requirements for 2019 have also reduced from $1.5 to $1.1 billion, a decrease of nearly 30 per cent compared to 2018. The new approach facilitates financial transparency and accountability across the HRP and other development or resilience plans, such as the National Development Plan (NDP), the UN Strategic Framework (UNSF) or the Recovery and Resilience Framework (RRF). This prioritisation also requires – and assumes - that development partners and donors will prioritise programmes to tackle structural and chronic development challenges in Somalia.
Limitations on government capacity to provide basic social services requires continued humanitarian action until such activities are gradually handed over to Development, Durable Solutions and Resilience actors
While the HRP will focus on core live-saving activities, some interventions will still include delivery of basic services and livelihood support. In line with the ‘New Way of Working’, humanitarian partners will continue to reach out to development and resilience actors, donors and the government to address the underlying causes of humanitarian needs and gradually transition the delivery of basic social services to such actors. To facilitate the collaboration with development and stability actors on durable solutions and resilience, all projects within the HRP have applied a Resilience/Durable Solution filter to show whether and how they could link into resilience building or durable solutions processes.
Of the 352 projects under the 2019 HRP, 82 per cent or 289 projects were self-identified as somehow relevant to resilience building or durable solutions. While not primarily focused on resilience and durable solutions, these projects - with an estimated value of over 50 per cent of the HRP - may contribute to foster coordination and sequencing of humanitarian and development interventions.
***The Centrality of Protection is at the core of the HRP**
The Somalia Humanitarian Country Team’s Centrality of Protection (CoP) Strategy 2018-2019 is at the centre of the 2019 Humanitarian Programme Cycle in Somalia. This includes needs analysis through protection lens (as reflected in the HNO), response planning, project design and implementation. All 352 projects in the HRP have been vetted against the CoP, to identify the main risks faced by the targeted population. Organisations uploading projects in the Project Module for the Somalia HRP 2019, were asked to respond to the questions in the box below, to explain which prevention/mitigation measures they planned to put in place with their project to address the protection risks identified.