• The three main staple foods in Madagascar are rice, cassava, and maize. This Supply and Market Outlook report provides as update on market conditions during the 2018/19 (April/March) marketing year (MY). In general, 2018 cereal production in Madagascar remained below average, recovering slightly from the low levels experienced in 2017 (Figure 1). At the national level, production of all three main staples decreased compared to the five-year average (Table 1).
• Despite these broad national trends, there were minor changes in the spatial distribution of surpluses between the 2017 (FEWS NET) and 2018 harvests. Regions in the northwest remained surplus in maize production.
Cassava production remained strongest in the southcentral highlands, and notably recovered in VatovavyFitovinavy Region in the southeast. Rice production recovered to a small degree from 2017 production levels with surpluses in typically strong performing Boeny and Alaotra-Mangoro Regions, and the central highlands (Figure 2). Although well-supplied rice marketing chains expanded, this was not adequate to fully cover the national staple food deficit and MY 2018/19 rice imports are expected at 530,000 MT.
• Anosy, Androy, and Atsimo-Andrefana Regions, collectively known as the Grand Sud, as well as Vatovavy-Fitovinany and Atsimo-Atsinanana Regions, referred to as the Sud Est, remain food security areas of concern. In general, 2018 staple production improved in the Sud Est and decreased across the Grand Sud.
• Markets were functioning normally in January 2019, however market food supply and food assistance delivery in southern Madagascar was challenging due to poor road conditions after the heavy rains. The national road 10 road linking Toliara and Ambovombe was temporarily inaccessible in mid-January in some sections due to overflowing rivers.