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Philippines: Tropical Depression Usman and Monsoon Floods DREF n° MDRPH030 Operation Update No. 2

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A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

29 December 2018: Tropical Depression (TD) Usman made landfall in the vicinity of Borongan, Eastern Samar and weakened into a Low-Pressure Area. PRC deployed national ERUs, rapid assessment teams, assets, equipment and personnel to the affected areas.

31 December 2018: IFRC allocated 242,368 Swiss francs (CHF) from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the National Society's readiness measures.

3 January 2019: PRC dispatched the first 800 sets of sleeping kits (blanket, mosquito net and sleeping mat), hygiene kits and jerry cans to provide assistance to most affected vulnerable population.

18 January 2019: IFRC increased the DREF allocation from CHF 242,368 to CHF 396,112 to be implemented within the same timeframe. The top-up is to cover more affected areas identified by the emergency needs assessments conducted by PRC.

On 29 December 2018, TD Usman made landfall in the vicinity of Borongan, Eastern Samar and weakened into a lowpressure area. The combination of the low-pressure area and the northwest monsoon rains brought widespread flooding to the southern parts of Luzon. Heavy rains brought by Usman caused large-scale and multiple landslides in several areas, which accounted for most of the casualties with 156 dead recorded. The high casualty rate was mainly due to large-scale landslide brought by the heavy rainfall. According to the data from the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), large volumes of rainfall, ranges from 200mm to 500mm, hit parts of Luzon and the Visayas in just two days: in several areas, the rain from 28 to 30 December was almost as much as the monthly recorded rainfall of December in previous years. The heavy rains prompted local officials to declare a state DREF operation update Philippines: Tropical Depression Usman and Monsoon Floods 29 December 2018: Tropical Depression (TD) Usman made landfall in the vicinity of Borongan, Eastern Samar and weakened into a Low-Pressure Area. PRC deployed national ERUs, rapid assessment teams, assets, equipment and personnel to the affected areas. 31 December 2018: IFRC allocated 242,368 Swiss francs (CHF) from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the National Society's readiness measures. 3 January 2019: PRC dispatched the first 800 sets of sleeping kits (blanket, mosquito net and sleeping mat), hygiene kits and jerry cans to provide assistance to most affected vulnerable population. 18 January 2019: IFRC increased the DREF allocation from CHF 242,368 to CHF 396,112 to be implemented within the same timeframe. The top-up is to cover more affected areas identified by the emergency needs assessments conducted by PRC. of calamity in Oriental Mindoro in MIMAROPA region and provinces of Albay, Sorsogon, Camarines Norte in the Region V.