DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan and at its borders. It provides an insight into mobility trends and patterns, migration drivers and traveller profiles to inform programming by humanitarian and development partners and by the government.
Nineteen Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were active in February 2019, surveying internal flows and crossborder travel between South Sudan (SSD in graphs) and Uganda (UGA), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Sudan (SDN).
• Short-term travel driven by economic reasons, access to goods and services and family visits accounts for most of the flows with Uganda and the DRC; seasonal migration driven by the approaching rains accounted for 20.0% of arrivals from Uganda.
• The net outflow to Uganda among respondents travelling for more than six months amounted to 1,083 individuals (1,948 individuals outgoing and 865 incoming); this is similar to the net outflow recorded in January (1,103 individuals).
• Out of 5,282 individuals who reported being forced to move,
78.0% intended to flee to Uganda, 11.4% came from the DRC to South Sudan (including 563 individuals to Yei and 39 to Yambio Counties) and 7.6% were being internally displaced (including 215 by violence within Yei County and 55 from Lainya to Yei).
• Among those fleeing South Sudan for Uganda, 96.5% intended to reach a refugee camp.
• The drivers of displacement are unchanged from January: food insecurity and, to a lower extent, generalised violence for displacement to Uganda, primarily generalised violence for internal displacement and food insecurity for secondary displacement from the DRC to South Sudan.
• The number of people travelling to and from Sudan via Abyei decreased relative to January; communal clashes culminating with the temporary closure of the Abyei Amieth market on 20 February may have contributed to this trend.
• Access to healthcare remained the key driver of migration to Sudan.