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UNICEF Mali Humanitarian Situation Report, December 2018

Countries
Mali
Sources
UNICEF
Publication date

Highlights

  • Nearly 110,000 people are internally displaced in Mali mainly due to intercommunity and armed conflicts.

Nutrition: A total of 128,001 under 5 children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) were admitted out of 274,145 targeted. Among them 92% completely recovered.

WASH: In 2018, 234,780 people were provided with access to both temporary and permanent drinking water sources, through the construction /rehabilitation of water points and distribution of household water treatment tablets.

Health: As of 30 December, some 111,739 children under 5 were vaccinated against measles in the northern regions including 15,189 children reached during the reporting period.

Child Protection: In 2018, 14,020 children were assisted through child protection services including 2,277 children supported during the last two months.

Education: As of December 2018, three months into the school year 2018-2019, some 52,392 children received school kits, teachers’ kits and recreation materials. Some 827 closed schools were registered with more than 240,000 children who did not have access to school.

SITUATION IN NUMBERS

  • 2,400,000 children out of people affected

  • 4,100,000 people affected (HNO 2018)

  • 651,508 people to be reached in 2018 (UNICEF HAC 2018)

  • 109, 892 Internally displaced people (CMP Report, 24 December 2018)

  • 827 schools closed as of December 2018

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

In 2018, the ever complex humanitarian situation in Mali was characterised by a derioration of living conditions in areas so far somewhat stable, especially in the centre. The expansion of insecurity to the centre of the country observed since 2017 continued with steep increase in intercommunity conflicts, causing unprecedented levels of dynamic internal population movements as well as a sharp increase in humanitarian and protection needs. As 2018 year ends, a soaring 109 ,892 individuals (18,553 households) are still displaced, across Mopti, Timbuktu, Gao and Menaka, the main regions of displacement (CMP 24 December2018), compared to the 38,172 people displaced at the same period last year (December 2017). New displacements continue to be reported due to inter-communal conflict, insecurity and clashes or the prospect of a possible clash between armed groups. In addition, during 2018 rainy season, floods affected up to 70,000 people in all parts of the country.

Humanitarian needs estimated to 4.1 million people in need at the beginning of 2018, increased to 5.2 million people in need of food assistance as of December 2018 based on 2019 Humanitarian Need Overview (HNO).

The education situation was characterized by the increased number of closed schools constituting a major problem, especially in the center and north of the country, where education material and teachers are frequently attacked. 735 schools remained closed at the end of the school year 2017-2018. The situation worsened since the beginning of the school year with 827 schools closed as of 31rst December 2018. The region of Mopti alone has 62% of schools closed. Ménaka and Kidal are the most affected regions in terms of percentage with 56% and 53% respectively. All these factors contribute towards the weak Gross Enrollment Rate (68%) of the country.

The security situation in Northern and Central Mali remained of grave concern, characterised by attacks against peace keeping forces, international forces and the Malian Defense and Security Forces, as well as with an increase in incidents of intimidation, kidnappings and targeted assassinations. Children continued to be affected by improvised explosive devices or unexploded remnants of war, targeted attacks against the civilian population, and intercommunity clashes involving armed self-defence and violent extremist armed groups in the center that resulted in human rights abuses and forced displacements of populations. Last attacks in Mopti region were conducted against civilian populations in Bankass, Bandiagara, and Douentza cercles, killing civilians and setting fire to houses and granaries. Children in villages attacked suffered from lack of access to basic social services.From January – February 2018, the incidents of grave child rights violations increased (30%) from 386 in 2017 to around 500 incidents in 2018 . A total of 158 grave violations against children were reportedfrom November to December 2018including 20 killings and maiming, 61 recruitment and utilization of children, 1 rape, 02 abductions of children, 39 attacks against schools and hospital and 35 denial of humanitarian access to children. Humanitarian access remains challenging across the country, chiefly due to insecurity and to a lesser extent logistical challenges during the rainy season.