Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
This operations update reflects changes in the DREF activity plan following a detailed needs assessment, the IFRC monitoring visit which suggested removal of diapers, replenishment of the Russian RC stocks that were depleted in the first days of the operation and a need for a one-month extension of the operation due to some delays in the procurement process. To finalise provision of relief items to people affected by the floods the operation will last until 11 April 2019. Removal of diapers and stock replenishment have been approved. The budget remains unchanged. Details on the final expenditures will be included in the final financial statement.
The RRC regional branch distributed 35 blankets, 150 sets of bed linen, 500 cans of water, 300 candles, 80 tilts (canvas) and 60 dining sets from their stocks. The Russian Red Cross, from the locally raised funds, also procured and distributed heavy duty detergents, cleaning tools and sacks to help households clear the mud and debris out of their houses.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
Due to heavy rains and storms starting on 24 October 2018, a total of 2,545 houses of Krasnodar Krai (region) of Russia were flooded, affecting tens of thousands of people. With over 200,000 inhabitants living in the disaster-hit areas, the governor of Krasnodar Krai declared a state of emergency on 25 October. The local authorities started the response and relief operation immediately, and 600 people were evacuated from the flooded houses. According to the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM), 29 communities in Krasndoar Krai (Tuapse district, Apsheronsk district and Sochi district) were affected by floods.
Six people were reported dead. The rail and road connections were disrupted. Some people completely lost their houses, while other people had their houses partially destroyed, and needed support with refurbishment. 2,545 houses are officially reported to be damaged, affecting 7,314, people. In addition to the above, according to the estimations of the RRC, at least 4,000 people were unaccounted in the governmental list, for example because their houses were not damaged, but agricultural land or livestock was affected. Additionally, there are displaced people from Ukraine and those who do not have a status of permanent residence, but just live in the affected area. These people also require support in restoring their households. Thus, in total, the estimated number of people affected by the floods is 11,300
Summary of current response
Overview of Host National Society
The Russian Red Cross has provided comprehensive support to people affected by the floods. RRC relief operations have been implemented in two main stages:
On 25-30 October, immediate support to the operation was provided by Krasnodar Krai branch of the RRC. The regional branch in Apsheronsk used their own stocks and distributed 35 blankets, 150 sets of bed linen, 500 cans for water, 300 candles, 80 tilts and 60 dining sets.
The collection of funds by Krasnodar branch was announced immediately after the disaster in seven newspapers and on TV, and the announcement was reposted by 44 local municipal media. Krasnodar Krai branch managed to raise funds locally and collect RUB 6.2 million (around CHF 89,000). All the funds were utilized to purchase relief items for those affected in Apsheronsk and Tuapse districts: 356 sets of bed linen (bedsheet, pillowcase, duvet cover), 356 pillows, 356 blankets, 106 dining/cooking sets (one pot for 5 l, one pot for 2 l, one frying pan d=26 cm, six soup plates, six dinner plates, six spoons), 1,340 sets of household cleaning products (wash powder, disinfectant, bleach, cleaning powder, soap, toothpaste, toothbrush, dishwashing detergent, sponge, bags for litter, cloth, toilet paper and wet towel wipes). The distribution was organized until the end of December 2018. Local TV reports on the response in Tuapse district and Apsheronsk district are available.
Overview of Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in country
The IFRC continues to support the Russian Red Cross in the implementation of the DREF operation. The IFRC provides technical advice, tools and standards, facilitating organizational development and knowledge sharing, monitoring and reporting. The IFRC and the Russian Red Cross cooperate closely in assessing the needs and the response to this emergency. Two monitoring visits were organized to Krasnodar Krai, one in the end of November 2018 and another in January 2019. The IFRC will support Krasnodar branch in collecting the stories of those affected and in conducting a lessons-learned workshop.
Overview of non-RCRC actors in country
The local authorities conducted a detailed needs assessment (with the involvement of Red Cross staff and volunteers).
All the damaged houses are documented and accounted for. In some cases, people had to prove in court that they had actually been living in the damaged houses before the disaster. The local authorities and EMERCOM established six temporary accommodation facilities to accommodate the evacuated people. The last one was closed on 31 December 2018.
The authorities paid compensations to 90 percent of those who were eligible to receive it: the affected persons received a payment from the state in the amount of 10,000 Roubles (approx. CHF 130). If their property had been partially lost, the payment was 50,000 Roubles (approx. CHF 750). If the property had been completely lost, the compensation would be 100,000 Roubles (approx. CHF 1,500). People from around 200 houses in Apsheronsk region will be resettled, as their houses are not suitable for living and cannot be renovated.
Cola-Cola in Russia donated 30 MT of drinking water, and delivered it to the affected populations at its own cost.