The International Organization for Migration (IOM) implements the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme in more than 50 countries around the world with the objective of tracking and monitoring displacement and population mobility. DTM’s tools gather information on various levels and of various kinds, including information on where displacements occur, why they occur, the length of displacement, the migration patterns and the conditions of internally displaced individuals both on site and in transit. This information is shared with relevant stakeholders, including governments and humanitarian partners to enhance understanding of movements of population and of affected peoples’ needs.
The present report aims to provide an overview of displacement and migration trends before 2016 up to October 2018, while also assessing the needs of the affected population in Tsholotsho district in Zimbabwe. Assessments were conducted in four wards most affected by floods namely Wards 5, 6, 15 and 19. Analysis of sector-wide needs were also conducted via these household-level surveys, focusing on shelter and non-food items (NFIs), water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food and nutrition, health, education, livelihoods and protection. Lastly this report includes analysis on the migration patterns focusing on the period before 2016 up to October 2018, and also evaluates the push factors of migration.
Zimbabwe is prone to rapid and slow onset disasters of both natural and man-made origins that have repeatedly caused several devasting effects and triggered population displacement. Over the last decade, natural disasters caused by cyclones and El-Nino, as well as socioeconomic and political factors have all contributed towards migratory movements in the country. In some areas, this has jeopardized hard-won development gains particularly in the southern region which covers the Matebeleland North and Matebeleland South provinces of Zimbabwe. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been implementing a collaborative initiative that is primarily aimed at monitoring and advocating for the rights of vulnerable and at-risk populations which include, but are not limited to, internally displaced persons (IDPs), host communities, women, girls, men and boys.
One of the key activities under the project “Scaling-up coordinated protection, promotion and enforcement of human rights for citizens and other vulnerable groups including internally displaced persons in Zimbabwe” is to pilot the establishment of Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in selected sites in Zimbabwe. IOM’s DTM programme in Zimbabwe is funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA).
Data collected for this first round should be understood as estimations only and are based on a sample covering four (4) wards out of the twenty-two (22) wards in the Tsholotsho District. For Ward 6, the study relied on official displacement statistics only. However, it should be noted that site verification for Ward 6 was conducted to gather information on migration, sectoral gaps and needs. In Wards 5, 15 and 19, data was collected at household level with family heads responding to questions and providing the necessary information on displacement and migration. The study represents only part of the total displacement and migration flows in Tsholotsho District, and thus uncovered wards and periods are not represented. Data on vulnerabilities and sectoral needs are based on direct observation and information gathered from key informants (NGOs, District Civil Protection Committee, traditional leaders and councilors) and should be understood as mainly indicative. The household-level surveys were also targeted at household representatives who are adults and thus, minority age groups such as children were not captured by the surveys.