Key issues in the past week:
- The situation in Malistan and Jaghuri districts in Ghazni province is gradually becoming normal. IDPs have started returning to their place of origin.
- Based on initial reports, 6,720 people were displaced in the past week, out of which 1,400 were displaced due to drought.
- A total of 306,161 people have been verified as being displaced by conflict in 2018.
Countrywide conflict displacement
A total of 306,200 people have been verified as being displaced by conflict in 2018. According to OCHA’s Displacement Tracking System (DTS), the number of verified IDPs remains same from previous week. Overall, the number of people displaced so far is 36.6% less than the same period last year (482,909).
Conflict Displacement Alerts
Alerts of conflict displacement are shared based on initial information received from the ground. Numbers can change as more information becomes available.
According to ANDMA, 60 families were displaced from Malistan and Jaghuri districts to Miramor and Shahristan in Daykundi province.
Hilmand DoRR reported about 90 IDP HHs (about 600 individuals) displaced from Jaghuri district in Ghazni and Farah province to Lashkargah due to ongoing insecurity.
DoRR reported that 572 families (about 4,000 individuals) have been displaced from different parts of Takhar to Taloqan city. Joint assessment teams have already been deployed to assess the needs of these families. In addition to this, DoRR Badakhshan reported that 48 families (about 335 people) had been displaced from Argo to Faizabad.
Hilmand ANDMA reported about 1,400 individuals displaced from Khanshin to Lashkargah due to drought and lack of water. As part of the drought response in rural areas, WFP and its partners delivered 3,500 metric tons of food for more than 398,000 people in 13 provinces, in the last week of November (20-27 November). In the past month, more than 1.4 million people received food or cash from WFP as part of the ongoing full-scale drought response that plans to reach 2.5 million people by end of the year.
The Gender Based Violence (GBV) sub-cluster led by UNFPA reached more than 8,378 people in the past week in western, central, northern and eastern regions with GBV services and health education.
Returns to Afghanistan
As of 1 December, close to 768,000 Afghans living in Iran and Pakistan have returned to Afghanistan in 2018. This includes 723,600 returnees from Iran and 44,300 returnees from Iran.
In the past week, IOM reported 13,582 Afghan returnees from Iran and Pakistan, including 12,965 Iran and 617 from Pakistan. Close to 56% of the returnees from Iran were deportees. During the same period, as reported by UNHCR, 192 Afghan refugees returned to Afghanistan, of whom 44 were from Iran and 148 were from Pakistan.
Security Incidents and Humanitarian
Access In Faryab, heavy fighting between ANDSF and NSAGs was reported during the week in Almar, Qaysar, Shirin Tagab, and outskirts of Maymana city. In two significant incidents, NSAGs attacked Almar and Qaysar district centres.
In Kandahar province, several IEDs were detonated in Maywand, Shahwalikot and Kandahar/Dand districts, as reported by ground sources.
Ongoing Response Activities
During the past week, almost 578,000 people affected by conflict and drought, as well as returnees received humanitarian assistance. Assistance provided included cash, food, hygiene kits for families and women, emergency household items, emergency shelter and provision of safe drinking water. The response activities were carried out in Ghazni, Badghis, Ghor, Hirat, Baghlan, Zabul, Nimroz and Nangarhar provinces by humanitarian partners, including ACF, ACTED, ANDMA, CARE, CWSA, DACAAR, DAIL, IMC, IRC, MISSION EAST, SCI, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNMAS and WFP.