A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Roughly 4.8 million South Sudanese face severe food insecurity, and more than two million are displaced by conflict. The conflict in South Sudan has further intensified since July 2016, with the exodus of refugees into neighboring countries continuing at an alarming rate, generating Africa’s largest refugee crisis.
There has been a steady arrival of South Sudanese refugees mostly into East Darfur, South Darfur, White Nile, West Kurdufan and South Kurdufan states. Alarmingly, more than one-third of the total population in South Sudan are food insecure and the prevalence of global acute malnutrition (GAM) has reached above the 15 percent emergency threshold in seven of ten states and is approximately double the emergency threshold in Unity and Northern Bahr el-Ghazal states. The country has also suffered a cholera outbreak for the third consecutive year. The Government of Sudan has maintained an open border policy, allowing safe and unrestricted access to its territory for those fleeing the conflict in South Sudan, and has ensured their immediate protection and safety within its borders. As of May 2018, more than 351,0482 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan since the start of the conflict in December 2013.Thus, this Emergency Appeal was launched to enable IFRC to support SRCS in its emergency response. The SRCS had conducted needs assessment in all states receiving South Sudanese refugees and assessed the overall gaps of humanitarian support needed. Based on the assessments, the appeal interventions focused on emergency needs and reducing immediate vulnerabilities through interventions in Health including Psychosocial Support (PSS), WASH, Emergency Shelter and Settlement (including household items) and National Society Capacity building. The activities targeted the most affected people, mostly new refugee arrivals due to the ongoing conflict and food insecurity in South Sudan.
The Appeal was 3% funded and hence most of the activities could not take place. A decision has however been made to move the activities under the emergency appeal into a longer-term country operational plan. The 2019 Sudan Country operational Plan (CoP), developed in September 2018 cover all the thematics included in the current Appeal (Health WASH and Shelter); thus would address issues outlined.