Skip to main content

Geneva Mutual Accountability Framework (GMAF)

Publication date
View original

Geneva Conference on Afghanistan
November 27/28, 2018


Reaffirming the value of continued and further strengthened mutual accountability between the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (hereafter ‘the government’) and the international community, and ultimately benefiting the people of Afghanistan, at the midpoint of the Transformation Decade (2015-2024), the Geneva Conference in November 2018 agreed to the Geneva Mutual Accountability Framework (GMAF) deliverables. The GMAF builds on the prior mutual accountability frameworks, initially introduced in 2012 as the Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework (TMAF) followed by the Self-Reliance through Mutual Accountability Framework (SMAF) approved in 2015 and updated with short-term deliverables in 2016 (SMART SMAF). The GMAF continues the SMAF framework and represents an updated set of short-term deliverables for the period 2019-2020.

In addition, the GMAF aligns to the overarching national policy framework, notably the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF) and the 10 National Priority Programs (NPPs). It is specifically designed to monitor concrete reform deliverables that support peace and development, reduce poverty and improve the welfare of the people of Afghanistan.

Respect of the mutual accountability principles, progress towards the framework's overarching objectives and progressive attainment of short term deliverables in 2019 and 2020 shall encourage continued donor support and ensure accountability of the government and development partners to their respective constituencies. The GMAF will frame and guide the government and the international community’s reform activities for the period 2019-2020 in the pursuit of increased self-reliance by the end of the Transformation Decade in 2024.

Principles of Mutual Accountability Much has been jointly accomplished by the government and the international community since the first mutual accountability framework was established at the Tokyo Conference in 2012. This relationship will continue to be governed by the following principles:

  1. The international community will support the developmental priorities identified by the government;

  2. The government’s delivery of the mutually agreed commitments will be key for sustained international support;

  3. Predictable aid is critical to effective government delivery;

  4. Lessons from aid effectiveness should be acted upon by the international community and the government;

  5. The government’s commitment to transparency, efficiency and effective is critical to good governance and combatting corruption;

  6. International assistance that is aligned with the 10 outcome-focused NPPs is essential for the sustainability of development assistance and citizen buy-in and trust;

  7. International assistance provided through the national budget can ensure alignment with the goals of Afghanistan;

  8. Transparent, citizen-oriented monitoring of development and governance benchmarks provides accountability to the people of Afghanistan, and reinforces the reciprocal commitments of donors and the government to improved development performance;

  9. Building market institutions is critical to attracting, both domestic and foreign investment and thereby creating sustainable economic growth and jobs; and 10. Regional economic cooperation and connectivity are the key to ensuring growth, eliminating poverty and utilizing the immense trade and transit potential of Afghanistan and its neighbors.


The government and the international community agree to continue the existing mechanism to monitor performance related to the mutual accountability framework. The three elements of the mechanism are:

  1. The annual Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board (JCMB)

  2. A Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) to be held every second year (i.e. 2019); and 3. A Ministerial-level Meeting in 2020.

Monitoring and Review

The government and the international community decide to continue and further formalize the mechanism established for the mutual accountability framework to comprehensively monitor and review performance against the agreed-on short term deliverables for 2019-2020.

The government and partners agree to establish a framework defined around three key moments for monitoring, spread evenly each four months across the year.

  1. In March the government will hold the Development Cooperation Dialogues (DCDs) with donors. This will generate a clear mutual understanding of progress against short-term deliverables, especially 16-24, on a bilateral level. The government will publish the DCD report describing to an appropriate level of detail all international assistance to Afghanistan by the end of April each year.

  2. In May or June there will be a government-development partner workshop to review and challenge progress against all 24 short term deliverables for 2019-2020. This will form the basis of a written report to be submitted for consideration to the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board in July.

  3. In October there will be a repeated workshop following up on the May or June one, assessing progress against short term deliverables and making recommendations for adjustments to be agreed at the Senior Officials Meeting or ministerial conference in November thereafter.
    Areas and short-term deliverables for 2019-2020 The six areas established by the SMAF framework are maintained, namely:

I. Improving security and political stability;

II. Anti-corruption, governance, rule of law, and human rights;

III. Restoring fiscal sustainability & integrity of public finance and commercial banking;

IV. Reforming development planning and management & ensuring citizen’s development rights;

V. Private sector development and inclusive growth and development; and VI. Development partnerships and aid effectiveness.

Each GMAF short term deliverable for 2019-2020 is aligned with the ANPDF and has a goal statement that includes the measurable high-level outcome sought in the sector, an outputlevel short term deliverable or deliverables, and the organizations responsible for action.

Background on each deliverable is provided , explaining context, history and the links to the ANPDF and NPPs.

All GMAF short term deliverables are listed in the following table.