• The people of South Sudan celebrated the Signing of a new peace agreement on the 31 October. WFP is hopeful for an end to hostilities for those most affected by five years of conflict.
• Although food security has improved slightly with the harvest in September, insecurity and economic collapse have destroyed lives and livelihoods, leaving some 4.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance from October to December 2018. Despite the harvest, as many as 5.2 million people - nearly half the total population - will remain in IPC Phase 3 — not knowing where their next meal is coming from — from January to March 2019. It is forecasted 36,000 people will be in Phase 5 (Catastrophe), experiencing famine-like conditions in this period. These are findings of the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), analysis, released on 28 September.
• WFP and cooperating partners assisted 2.96 million food and nutrition insecure people in South Sudan during the month of September, with 30,900 mt of food and nutrition commodities, as well as USD 1.21 million in cash distributions. From January to September 2018, WFP has reached approximately 4.99 million people with food and nutrition assistance, of which 53 percent are female and 23 percent children aged 6-59 months.
• WFP continues to increase the use of cash as a transfer modality, gradually replacing in-kind assistance through transitional approaches such as hybrid baskets in areas where local markets are functional and accessible. The hybrid basket approach combines in-kind food assistance with cash transfers and is currently being implemented in Makpandu and Maban refugee camps, as well as in Mingkaman/Bor sites. The hybrid approach strengthens beneficiaries’ purchasing power by enabling them to choose and purchase food directly at the store and brings a sense of normality in times of crisis.