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WFP Libya Country Brief, October 2018

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Publication date

In Numbers

175,000 people in need targeted for food assistance in 2018

84,674 people assisted so far this year

US$7.5 m six months (December 2018 – May 2019) net funding requirements

95,121 people assisted in OCTOBER 2018 (estimate)

Operational Context

Efforts to reach a peaceful conclusion to the conflict in Libya continue amidst persisting political instability and a volatile security situation. Unrest since 2011 has caused the economic and humanitarian situation in the country to deteriorate significantly; ongoing violence between multiple factions further aggravates an unstable environment. The Government of National Accord (GNA) continues to seek recognition throughout Libya, though it continues to face opposition from rival parliaments and struggle with violence within the country from the many armed militia groups.

WFP resumed operations in Libya in September 2014. Until now, WFP’s assistance has been through the provision of inkind food assistance. Each family receives two food parcels, enough to support five people for one month. The parcels consist of rice, pasta, wheat flour, white beans, vegetable oil, sugar and tomato paste. The food entitlements provide 75 percent (1,530 kcal) of daily energy requirements per person per day. WFP is using feedback of those who receive food parcels to revise the contents of the basket, which may subsequently change.

Operational Updates

• Since 26 August, renewed fighting in Tripoli amongst various warring factions has led to a new wave of displacement. Though things have seemingly calmed down in Tripoli, clashes continue to erupt throughout the country, as the situation remains unstable.

• Due to the crisis, the living conditions of migrants in detention centres further deteriorated, compounded by a serious food shortage. Responding to emergency requests in Tripoli, and in coordination with the InterSectorial Committee (ISC), in early September, WFP handed over food to UNHCR to feed 2,900 migrants in three Tripoli detention centres for one week. WFP continues to coordinate closely with the ISC for food assistance needed due to the emerging militia fighting in Tripoli.

• On 25 September, after a successful test flight, the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) Libya, managed by WFP, launched its first official flight between Tunisia and Libya. The flight, which serves the humanitarian and donor community, is currently flying three times per week to Tripoli and Misratah. Flight frequency and destinations will increase based on access needs and demand.

• In addition to activating the Logistics Sector for the Libya Humanitarian Country Team, WFP has now also activated the Emergency Telecommunications Sector, and is taking the lead on opening a UN hub in Benghazi.

• It is estimated that in October, WFP delivered food rations to 95,121 people in need. This number will be confirmed as soon as reports are finalised.

• In September, WFP delivered food rations to 13,423 beneficiaries in Bani Waleed, Wadi Etaba, Traghan, Ghadames and Al Qatroun through its local partners. The lower number of people reached is due to a pipeline break in food received; WFP has since received the necessary food.