OVERVIEW OF THE SITUATION
In Gonaïves, distribution of shelter/return kits has stopped pending further assessment. A total of 1,965 families who were sheltering in schools received these kits.
IOM set up a monitoring team to verify the return of families who received shelter kits during the first wave of distributions from 3 to 12 November. Preliminary results of this monitoring confirm that families belonging to the "can't go home" category were amongst those who received coupons for the return kits.
The kits enabled few families to return to their homes and make the essential repairs. In fact, a significant number of families who received kits either went back to collective shelters, found refuge in host families or have no place to stay at all. In general, distribution of return kits is adequate for families that own their own house, but not for those who were renting prior to the disaster.
As of 15 November, there were over 1,000 families still sheltered in schools, churches and other types of inadequate infrastructures. Families in some of these sites are at risk of being evicted, while most cannot return home. Around 4,000 more shelter kits are pre-positioned in Gonaives for future distributions, which will also benefit displaced people living with host families. Catholic Relief Services has also indicated that they have the capacity to distribute enhanced return kits to families still living in collective shelters.
Update on relief efforts:
Nutrition: Twenty-three malnourished children are currently being treated at the St Michel hospital in Jacmel, in the South-East department. This newly-installed therapeutic feeding unit continues to be strengthened. The unit was installed following the identification of a pocket of severe malnutrition at Baie d'Orange in the commune of Belle Anse. Rapid nutritional assessments continue in the South-East and also in other departments of Haiti.
Water and Sanitation: Much remains to be done to normalise the water supply in many parts of the country. The urgent repair of 130 disabled water networks requires funding of $ 1.6 million US under the updated Flash Appeal. Several partners continue to distribute drinking water in Gonaives, delivering 1,170 m3 litres per day. A protocol for the cleaning and decontamination of private wells has been prepared by PAHO / WHO and approved by WASH cluster members. Partners are anxious to begin this activity, since wells provided 80 per cent of the city's water prior to the floods.
Shelter and Non-Food Items: Only 13.4% of shelter needs and 27.5% of non-food item needs have so far been met countrywide. In addition, there is an overlooked need for shelter and non-food items for IDPs in host families, a category which has hardly been targeted by previous distributions. A Host and Family Survey is currently being conducted in disaster-affected areas by cluster members and the results will be available within two weeks.
Protection: Additional tents are urgently needed in Gonaives as well as a decision regarding the use of La Hatte Rocher as a relocation site.
Food: WFP has distributed 8,929 metric tons of food to 632,481 direct beneficiaries. The total number of distributed rations is 1,327,406. To date, WFP has distributed some 6,363 metric tons of food assistance to Gonaives.